Initially founded by Andy Rubin in October 2003 and Acquired by Google on August 17, 2005. It is a free Linux based platform and has an open software stack with an operating system, midware and applications. It was originally developed by Google and was released on November 5, 2007 for mobile platforms.
The T-Mobile G1 Phone (HTC Dream) is first phone to release to the public on September 23, 2008 with Google Android. It is a strong competitor for Apple iOS, a closed operating system and platform used on Apple iPhone.
Latest Android Version :-
It launched its official public with Android 1.0 in 2008 – a release was so old that it did not have any code-name as well.
Things were exceptionally essential at that point, however the product incorporated a suite of early Google applications, for example, Gmail, Maps, Calendar and YouTube, which were all coordinated into working operating system – employed for a more easily-updated standalone-app model A very opposite today.
Android Cupcake 1.5 :-
With release of the 2009 Android 1.5 Cupcake, t tradition of its version names was born. Cupcake introduced many refinements in the Android interface, which included the first on-screen keyboards – something would be necessary when the phone once moved away from the ubiquitous physical keyboard model.
Cupcake additionally realized the structure for outsider application gadgets, which would rapidly transform into one of Android’s most recognizing components, and it gave stage’s first-historically speaking choice for video recording.
Android Donut 1.6 :-
Android 1.6, Donut, entered the world in the fall of 2009. In the center of this, the donut was filled in some important holes, in which OS had ability to work on different screen sizes and resolutions – one factor that would be important in the coming years It also added support for CDMA networks such as Verizon, which will play an important role in Android’s imminent explosion.
Android Eclair 2.0 to 2.1 :-
Keeping up the very quick discharge pace of It’s initial years, Android 2.0 Eclair, rose only a month and a half after Donut; its “point-one” refresh, likewise called Eclair, turned out two or after three months. Eclair was the principal Android discharge to enter standard awareness on account of the first Motorola Droid telephone and the huge Verizon-drove advertising effort encompassing it.
The discharge’s most transformative component was expansion of voice-guided turn-by-turn route and constant movement information — something beforehand unfathomable (and still basically unmatched) in cell phone world. Route aside, Eclair conveyed live backdrops to Android and in addition the stage’s first discourse to-content capacity. Furthermore, it made waves for infusing the once-iOS-selective squeeze to-zoom ability into Android — a move frequently observed as start that touched off Apple’s durable “nuclear war” against Google.
Android 2.2 Froyo :-
Only four months after Android 2.1 arrived, Google served up Android 2.2, Froyo, which rotated to a great extent around in engine execution upgrades.
Froyo delivered some essential forward looking highlights, however, including the expansion of the now-standard dock at the base of home screen and the principal manifestation of Voice Actions, which enabled you to perform fundamental capacities like getting headings and making notes by tapping a symbol and after that talking an order.
Prominently, Froyo likewise conveyed help for Flash to Android’s internet browser — an alternative that was huge both in light of the across the board utilization of Flash at the time and due to Apple’s determined position against supporting it all alone cell phones. Apple would in the end win, obviously, and Flash would wind up far less normal. However, back when it was still all around, having capacity to get to the full web with no dark openings was a honest to goodness advantage no one but Android could offer.
Android Gingerbread 2.3 :-
Its first evident visual character began coming into center with 2010’s Gingerbread discharge. Brilliant green had for quite some time been shade of Android’s robot mascot, and with Gingerbread, it turned into a necessary piece of working framework’s appearance. Dark and green leaked everywhere throughout the UI as Android began its moderate walk toward unmistakable outline.
Android 3.1 Honeycomb :-
2011’s Honeycomb period was an unusual time for Android. Android 3.0 appeared on the scene as a tablet-just discharge to go with dispatch of the Motorola Xoom, and through the consequent 3.1 and 3.2 updates, it remained a tablet-selective (and shut source) substance.
Under direction of recently arrived plan boss Matias Duarte, Honeycomb presented a significantly rethought UI for Android. It had a space-like “holographic” plan that exchanged the stage’s trademark green for blue and put an accentuation on benefitting as much as possible from a tablet’s screen space.
While the idea of a tablet-particular interface didn’t keep going long, a large number of Honeycomb’s thoughts laid the basis for the Android we know today. The product was first to use on-screen catches for Android’s primary navigational summons; it denoted start of the end for the perpetual flood menu catch; and it presented the idea of a card-like UI with its interpretation of the Recent Apps list.
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich :-
With Honeycomb going about as the scaffold from old to new, Ice Cream Sandwich — additionally discharged in 2011 — filled in as the stage’s legitimate section into the time of current plan. The discharge refined the visual ideas presented with Honeycomb and rejoined tablets and telephones with a solitary, bound together UI vision.
ICS dropped quite a bit of Honeycomb’s “holographic” appearance yet kept its utilization of blue as a framework wide feature. Also, it persisted center framework components like on-screen catches and a card-like appearance for application exchanging.
Version 4.0 likewise made swiping a more vital technique for getting around the working framework, with the then-progressive inclination capacity to swipe away things like warnings and late applications. Also, it began the moderate procedure of bringing an institutionalized plan structure — known as “Holo” — all through the OS and into Android’s application biological system.
Android 4.0 likewise made swiping a more indispensable strategy for getting around the working framework, with the then-progressive inclination capacity to swipe away things like warnings and late applications. What’s more, it began the moderate procedure of bringing an institutionalized outline structure — known as “Holo” — all through the OS and into Android’s application biological system.
Android 4.3 Jelly Bean :-
Spread crosswise over three impactful Android variants, 2012 and 2013’s Jelly Bean discharges took ICS’s crisp establishment and made important walks in calibrating and expanding upon it. The discharges included a lot of balance and clean into the working framework and went far in making Android all the more welcoming for the normal client.
Visuals aside, Jelly Bean achieved our first taste of Google Now — the marvelous prescient knowledge utility that is unfortunately since declined into a celebrated news channel. It gave us expandable and intelligent warnings, an extended voice look framework and a further developed framework for showing list items by and large, with an attention on card-based outcomes that endeavored to answer addresses specifically.
Multiuser bolster additionally became possibly the most important factor, but on tablets just now, and an early form of Android’s Quick Settings board showed up. Jam Bean introduced an intensely built up framework for setting gadgets on your bolt screen, as well — one that, similar to such a large number of Android includes throughout the years, discreetly vanished a few years after the fact.
Android 4.4 Kitkat :-
KitKat discharge denoted the finish of its’s dull time, as the blacks of Gingerbread and the blues of Honeycomb at last advanced out of the working framework. Lighter foundations and more unbiased features took their places, with a straightforward status bar and white symbols giving the OS a more contemporary appearance.
Android 4.4 additionally observed the principal rendition of “alright, Google” bolster — yet in KitKat, the without hands initiation incite worked just when your screen was at that point on and you were either at your home screen or inside the Google application.
Android Lollipop :-
Android Lollipop is a form of the Android working framework created by Google and presented in June 2014. Programming form numbers for Lollipop go from 5.0 to 5.1.1. Candy was gone before by Android KitKat and took after by Android M.
Progressive adaptations of Android working frameworks have developed with more consideration regarding flexible outline and present day security and accommodation highlights. The outline and usefulness of Lollipop was altogether upgraded from past forms of Android. Android Lollipop included another warning framework, an overhauled applications menu, more APIs, better plan for control utilization, and different venture instruments.
Dispatch gadgets for Android Lollipop incorporated the Nexus 6 cell phone and HTC’s Nexus 9 tablet.
Android Marshmallow :-
Marshmallow is the official Android codename for the up and coming 6.0 refresh of the open source Android portable working framework. Marshmallow was first declared at Google I/O in May 2015 as the Android M discharge, and the versatile OS made its official presentation in late 2015 as the successor to the “Candy” Android 5.0 discharge.
Dissimilar to its forerunners, Android Marshmallow at first did not have a pastry themed moniker when it was first declared, somewhat to construct expectation around the product. Google did anyway disclose the Marshmallow name on August seventeenth, 2015, when it authoritatively discharged the Android 6.0 SDK and the third programming review of Marshmallow for Nexus gadgets.
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