Tutorial: Basic of Computer Network, Introduction, What is, Uses, Advantages

Tutorial: Basic of Computer Network, Introduction, What is, Uses, Advantages

What is Computer Network

Introduction – Computer network means to connect multiple computer system with each other through physical medium (Cable or Wire) or wireless medium and this architecture is known as “Computer Network”.

In traditional computer networks, single computer machine, workstation, and servers are linked one by one through Ethernet and other cables. But now, advance technologies are released in market in which to make connection between multiple points through wireless technology. 

Computer Network Diagram

computer netwrok

Need of Computer Network

Now these days, Due to the various importance of computer networks, we are getting more need for Computer network. 

Importance of Computer Networks

Data Sharing

With the help of Computer networking, every user can access all data from the network without any boundation of place. For example – if you are doing any office work at your home such as filling tax files, and same time your boss can receive your file on the destination place without going physically to your home.

Hardware Device Sharing

Computer network provides great flexibility such as multiple computers can share the same hardware devices (printer, plotter, Fax machine, and more). No need, to add a separate plotter with every computer system.

Program Sharing

Multiple programs can be shared on the network, and it allows using client/server applications.

User Interaction

Networks permit all users to make communication with the help of different modes such as Chat platforms, e-mail, newsgroups as well as video conferencing etc.

Remotely Games

Many amazing network games are available in the market because those games can be played from different zone.

VoIP

VoIP stands for “Voice over Internet Protocol”, and it allows making telephone calls with the help of IP (Voice over Internet Protocol) instead of using PSTN.

Data Security

On the network, all users can access all your data from offsite and online server, so it can be more harmful. To protect all data from intruders, all companies use the FIREWALL. 

Types of Computer Network

Computer network like group of computer machines,  and those computers are connected each other  with different types of  Computer network for sharing their data and applications, such as –

  • Wide Area Network (WAN)
  • Storage Area Network (SAN)
  • System Area Network (SAN)
  • Passive Optical Local Area Network (POLAN)
  • Enterprise Private Network (EPN)
  • Virtual Private Network (VPN)

Types of Network Topology

Network topology is art, in which to represent as geometric that how to link all computers with each other, it is known as “Topology”.  There are different types of network topology such as –

Applications of Computer Networks

There are different types of Computer network applications that are used in internet, and they are divided into in to two segments such as –

  • Pure Network
  • Standalone Network

Goals and Applications of Computer Network are

1. Pure Network Application

Pure network applications do not depend on the single computer machine because those applications help to make connection over network and to transfer data from one point to other points.

Some examples are –

Email Software

These types of programs help to users for writing messages at their local computer system, and forward it to other users over the network. This is very simple and easy way of moving mail (message) from one computer system to other computer machine.

Some mail programs are

  • Pegasus Mail
  • Outlook express
  • Eudora Windows mail
  • Fox mail
  • Opera
  • Poco mail
  • Mozilla Thunderbird
  • Windows mail

FTP

FTP stands for “File Transfer Protocol”, and it allows transferring all files from one computer machine to other computer machines like as client to server process.

File Transfer Protocol performs two tasks are

Upload file – In this process, users access all data from workstation to server machine. For example –   upload images to Google drive.

Download file – In this process, users access all data from server to workstation machine (client). For example – download software from server.

Some File Transfer Protocol programs are

  • FTP in Unix
  • FTP in Linux
  • FTP in Windows

TELNET

TELNET stands for “Telecommunication Network”, and it is text based network protocol that is implemented on the LAN connections otherwise internet system. TELNET allows to users for getting access remote computer machine over TCP/IP networks (internet), and to make communication in between both terminals.

Groupware

These types of applications are implemented in the advance offices, where is needed to automate and administrative functionalities for examples are chatting (text/video) and video conferencing. These applications help to increase productivity and solve problems. Groupware is an internal part of education known as (CSCW) Computer-Supported Cooperative Work.

Video Conferencing

Video Conference means to make conference between two parties on the different zone (remotely) with helping computer network to transmit voice and video data.

For making video conference, both participants must be video camera, microphone, and speakers connected on their computer machine.

There are some types of video conference such as –

  • Telepresence Video Conferencing System
  • Integrated Video Conferencing System
  • Desktop Video Conferencing System
  • Service-based Video Conferencing System
  • Codec

Some best video conference programs are

  • Zoom
  • Google Hangouts
  • Google Meet
  • GoToMeeting
  • Skype for Business
  • Cisco WebEx
  • BlueJeans
  • Slack

Chatting

On the internet in real-time, if two or more persons try to make communication with writing text, and then all participants exchange their messages in between, it is known as Chatting.

There are three types of chatting such as –

  • IM (Instant Messaging)
  • ICQ (I seek you)
  • IRC (Internet Relay Chat)

Some Best Chat Apps

  • WhatsApp
  • Telegram
  • GroupMe
  • Line
  • WeChat
  • Kakao Talk (KaTalk)
  • Kik Messenge

2. Stand Alone Applications

Stand Alone Applications are used in some years ago, which are installed on every client machines, and these are independent platform, as well as they can operate offline. These applications can be operated on any your favorite operating system,  and all data of applications are saved on Central server to make synchronization between server and applications.

Some Stand Alone Applications are

  • Vlc media player
  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Notepad++
  • Word processors
  • Spreadsheets
  • Database management systems
  • Presentations graphics
  • Project management

Home Applications of Computer Networks are

  • Access to remote information
  • Person-to-person communication
  • Interactive entertainment
  • Electronic commerce

Uses of Computer Network in other fields are

  • Marketing and sales
  • Financial services
  • Manufacturing. CAD, CAM etc.
  • Information services
  • Cellular telephone
  • Cable television
  • Teleconferencing
  • EDI
  • E-mail etc.

Advantages of Computer Network

There are various benefits of Computer Network such as –  

Shareable platform

Computer networking provides great shareable platform to exchange the all information from one computer to another computer over network. These data has different variant like as email, blog post, newsgroups, video conference, and more.

Great collaboration

On the computer network, multiple persons can login on the same platform at a time, and their location may be (remotely) different areas over the world. All people are able to login into their account on their location and can be accessed all data or files. Now these days, computer networks are become more advance, and they allow to global collaboration for all variants of groups.

Cut-off cost with joining of computer network

Tandy 1000 had more costly with $1200 in 1984, and that PC clone computer was designed with cost affordable to use for word processing and home computing. But it was not able to access internet. But now all computing devices are cheaper, and they allows to access internet with 4G and 5G speed.

Off-line data storage

Now these days, several threats are getting via internet, technology structure, and computer system. So today, it is more necessary to save all information off-line, which is flowing over the network for getting protection for the intruders. In future, if anyone wants to access old stored data then those data can be accessed from storage devices.

Portable connection to computer network

Today, it is not difficult to make connection with computer network. All computers has inbuilt programs that help to connect another devices just with clicking on the shortcut prompt. For examples, every smart phone has Wi-Fi that helps to make connection over network.

Personalize connection to network

Today, it is getting more fraud via network like as Cyber crime. So to decrease the probability of cyber threats, computer network provide great tools, which are leading to protection as well as increasing productivity. It offers to some access authority that helps to access specific data with trustworthy person.

Other advantages are:

  • Computer network allows multiple persons to access internet with single internet connection (ISP). So, no need to purchase separate cable for every computer system to access internet, because it helps to reduce the cost of accessing internet.
  • With using of computer network, many problems can be solved. For example – if you are using medical emergency then to begin crowd funding page, Over the internet everyone can share own experiences then can be build up large audience.
  • Computer network helps to save money with sharing single (printer, plotter, Fax machine) via multiple computers. In network structure,  no required to connect separate printer with every computer.
  • Due to computer network, entrepreneur opportunities are generating. For example – Fiver, Freelance, Guru, Upwork, and other online portal are deliver freelance opportunities to buyers and sellers. If you want to become millionaire then you can accept several platforms such as write a blog, sell products on Amazon, or create YouTube videos because of computer networks.
  • Computer networks are delivering several opportunities to education, because many universities deal in online education, and provide online degree like as IGNOU University. It is possible with help of computer network.

Disadvantages of Computer Network

There are some limitations of computer network, such as –

Less Independency

In the computer network, to perform all tasks with using of computers, its components, computer network operating system, and servers. SO computer networking is totally depend on those parts, if any part of network is get break down then network system get halt, and without those component network system is useless.

Protection Problem

In networking system, huge number of persons are perform their tasks such as use resources for sharing their data form one point to other destination. So, here it can be increase the probability of getting illegal activities.

Less Robustness

Due to break down the central server of network system, the entire computer network gets become fail, and if any bridge server gets damaged then computer network performance also get degrade. So we can say network system has lack of robustness.

Possibility to get Virus and Malware

All computer terminals are connected with each other on the network architecture. If any computer gets infection then viruses and malware can be infected to entire network.

High expensive of Network

Cost of network system can be getting high because it is depend of using their cabling and equipments.

Need Technical Staff

Computer network always contains the big architecture, so to manage of that network need technical staff. In the network structure, having various technical connection and different configuration, so it is not easy task to perform by unqualified person.

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