Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable Energy | Benefits & Risk

Hi Friends! Today, we will reveal all possible stuff about remarkable advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy as well as drawbacks and benefits of renewable energy with ease. This is unique article over the internet; so, we make ensure that after reading this content; you will definitely fully aware about Renewable Energy Advantages and Disadvantages without getting any hindrance.

Renewable energy is efficient energy that is produced by natural resources, which are replenished on a human timescale, like as sunlight, wind, rain, and geothermal heat.

Advantages of Renewable Energy

However, there are also some issues associated with renewable energy, like as expensive installation, intermittency, limited storage capabilities, and geographic limitations.

What are Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable Energy?

Advantages of using renewable energy sources outweigh the disadvantages, especially in the future. While there are some challenges associated with renewable energy, the benefits of using such sources far outweigh the shortcomings. So, here we will show you some significant Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable Energy | Pros and Cons with ease. Below shown each one; you can check them:

10 Advantages of Renewable Energy

Here are some of the key advantages and benefits of renewable energy, including:

Efficient Energy Production

Renewable energy is generally more efficient as compare non-renewable energy. Renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and hydro turbines can be reused without relying on an exhaustible or finite element, which makes them more efficient.

Also Read: 10 Examples of Non Renewable Resources

Additionally, power generation from many types of renewables are 100% efficient in international energy statistics, while fossil power plants achieve only 25–85% efficiency.

Renewable energy is doing efficiency work in synergy, and when pursued together; they can bring faster reduction in energy intensity and lower energy costs.

Multiple Methods for Creating Renewable Power

Renewable energy provides the several methods for generating power like as solar, wind, hydroelectricity, geothermal energy, biomass systems, air source heat pumps, and hydroelectric systems.

Centralized, utility-scale renewable energy plants are comparable to fossil-fuelled power plants and can generate hundreds of megawatts of electricity.

Power generation from many types of renewables are 100% efficient in international energy statistics, while fossil power plants achieve only 25–85% efficiency.

Energy Independence for Countries

Renewable energy can provide energy independence for countries. All countries are taking benefit from the important synergies in between renewable energy and energy efficiency.

On the whole, renewable energy is far more efficient due to the simple fact that it doesn’t have to be extracted from the earth and transported elsewhere for use. Renewable energy is generated from sources that naturally replenish themselves, including sunlight, wind, water, biomass, and even geothermal heat.

Policies which favor renewables over other sources may also be required, and such policies are now in place in about 50 countries.

Job Creation

Renewable energy is a remarkable source for creating the jobs. The renewable energy sector has been growing fast; as well as it is expected to continue to grow in the coming decades.

The mostly rapid renewable energy job growth has been come from the solar and wind sectors that rose by 24.5 percent and 16 percent, as the 2016 to 2017. Renewable energy jobs are increased by 5.3% in 2017, along with the total surpassing 10 million worldwide.

In 2021, energy jobs grew faster as compare to U.S. employment. Renewable energy employment grew with 3.6% in 2018, as well as 110,000 net new jobs (4.2% of all jobs added nationally in 2018), and employers expect 6% job growth in 2019.

Renewable energy jobs are well-paying jobs, like as installing solar panels, auditing energy efficiency, developing electric vehicles, and more. Renewable energy and energy are doing efficiency work together to bring faster reduction in energy intensity and lesser energy costs.

Reliable Source of Energy

Renewable power is a well reliable source of energy; due to some reasons, including:

  • Renewable energy is getting to contribute to energy reliability because there are no limits to the amount of wind, solar, water, and geothermal power that Earth provides.
  • Renewable energy is always happening, as long as the breeze blows and the sun shines, energy is waiting to be utilized.
  • Renewable energy sources, like as solar panels and wind turbines; they are highly reliable and can be utilized to generate electricity for homes and businesses purpose.
  • Renewable energy is both unlimited and domestic, and there is the potential to generate 100% of the electricity needed to meet the energy demands of the entire country.

Zero Carbon and Greenhouse Emissions

The most advantage of renewable power is the zero-carbon and greenhouse emissions. However, it is most important to note that 100% renewable energy does not always mean zero carbon emissions.

Achieving net-zero emissions requires reducing human-caused emissions as close to zero as possible and balancing any remaining emissions with an equivalent amount of carbon removal.

Renewable energy works as the sustainable source of energy that does not allow to deplete natural resources; and it is a fuel supply that never runs out. Renewable energy is also a inexpensive form of electricity.

Hence, renewable power is a major component for achieving the net-zero emissions and mitigating climate change.

Lower Maintenance Requirements

Renewable power has lower maintenance requirements compared to traditional power sources. Here are some reasons why:

  • Fewer moving parts in renewable technologies reduce wear and tear.
  • Lower exposure to corrosion and erosion compared to fossil fuel plants.
  • Remote monitoring allows early issue detection, minimizing downtime.
  • Predictable wear patterns enable efficient maintenance scheduling.
  • Simplified maintenance tasks, like cleaning solar panels, require fewer specialized skills.

Cleaner Air and Water

Renewable power contributes to cleaner air and water. Here are some key points:

  • Reduced air pollution as renewables produce minimal or no emissions
  • Improved air quality lowers respiratory illnesses and related healthcare costs.
  • Lower water consumption compared to fossil fuel power plants, preserving freshwater resources.
  • Decreased water pollution due to reduced reliance on coal and natural gas
  • Less habitat disruption from resource extraction promotes healthier ecosystem

Fuel Supply that Never Runs Out

Renewable power provides a fuel supply that never runs out. Here are some key concerns about this:

  • Renewable power sources like solar, wind, and hydropower rely on abundant, naturally replenishing resources.
  • No depletion or exhaustion of fuel supply, ensuring long-term energy availability.
  • Eliminates the need for fossil fuels, reducing energy dependence and volatility in fuel markets
  • Enhanced energy security with a consistent and sustainable fuel source
  • Mitigates geopolitical tensions related to energy resource access and control.

Cheaper Form of Electricity

Renewable power is a cheaper form of electricity compared to traditional power sources. Here are some key points about this:

Renewable energy is the cheapest form of power today, according to a report from the International Renewable Energy Agency.

Switching over to clean, renewable power could save trillions of dollars by 2050.

The cost of electricity from onshore wind, offshore wind, and solar PV fell in 2021 compared to 2020, according to a report from the International Renewable Energy Agency.

Renewable power generation costs in 2021 were lower than the world’s cheapest coal-fired option in the G20, according to the same report.

Renewables like solar power, wind energy, and geothermal energy may not initially be cheap, but they do not incur fuel costs once installed and typically come with lower operation and maintenance costs.

Hydroelectric power is currently the cheapest energy source, costing $0.05 per kilowatt-hour on average.

Recycle Our Waste Products

  • Anaerobic digestion of organic waste transforms it into biogas.
  • Biogas is also used for renewable energy generation.
  • Getting to decreases the landfill waste and methane emissions.
  • Going to promotes sustainable waste management practices
  • Help to contributes to cleaner energy production while getting to address environmental concerns.

10 Disadvantages of Renewable Energy

While renewable energy sources provide the numerous environmental and economic advantages; they also come with significant disadvantages. It’s essential to consider these limitations when getting to evaluate the feasibility and implementation of renewable energy technologies. Here are some common disadvantages of renewable energy, as following them:

Electricity Generation Capacity is Not Enough

Renewable energy sources have the potential to generate electricity without harming the environment. However, one of the main disadvantages of renewable energy is that the electricity generation capacity is still not large enough to meet the rising demand for power.

Also Read: 10 Types of Energy Storage System and its Devices

Due to its intermittent nature of solar and wind energy that needs the backup generating capacity to make ensure a reliable electricity supply.

Despite these challenges, the renewable electricity growth is accelerating faster than ever worldwide, and global renewable electricity capacity is forecast to rise more than 60% from 2020 levels to over 4,800 GW by 2026.

Unreliable Due to Weather Conditions

Renewable energy sources like as wind, solar, and hydropower are totally dependent on weather conditions, including sunlight, wind speed, and the availability of water, making them unreliable.

Extreme weather events like as storms can cause remarkable damage to solar panels and disrupt the supply of renewable energy that is an on-going challenge for the industry.

Although renewable energy can achieve greater levels of reliability by adding energy storage, increasing deployed capacities, or pooling resources of contiguous, multinational regions, the marginal improvements in reliability related to these options differ considerably across countries and regions.

Low Efficiency Levels

Renewable energy sources have lower efficiency levels than non-renewable sources that are one of the main disadvantages of using them. For instance, solar electric generation has a low capacity factor, typically less than 20%, due to the diffuse nature of solar input and its interruption by night and cloud cover.

Wind energy utilization has increased spectacularly in recent years, with annual increases in installed capacity of around 10% to 2019, with tens of thousands of turbines installed. However, all this has to be backed up with dispatch able generating capacity, due to low (20-30%) utilization and intermittency.

Requires Huge Upfront Investment

Renewable energy has to need a huge upfront investment that can be also a significant barrier to its adoption. The reason is that deploying renewable energy technologies requires large up-front investments that must be financed.

The capital’s cost makes up a significant part of the total cost of renewable energy projects. The highly cost of renewable energy is one of the main reasons why many countries continue to rely on non-renewable sources of energy.

However, despite the high upfront costs, renewable energy makes economic sense in the long run. By 2026, global renewable electricity capacity is forecast to rise more than 60% from 2020 levels to over 4,800 GW, equivalent to the current global power capacity from all sources combined.


Intermittency is one of the main disadvantages of renewable energy. Renewable energy sources like as solar and wind that are totally dependent on weather conditions that can limit their use or efficiency.

For instance, solar and wind farms’ energy production can fluctuate between 0 to 23 and 24GW of energy, respectively, during peak times. The unpredictable lulls are what define the intermittency of renewables.

This intermittency is contrasted by the constant power output that can be generated by fossil fuel-based power plants using coal or natural gas, which is often referred to as base-load energy.

Despite the challenges posed by the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources, they are far from insurmountable.

Aesthetic and Environmental Impact

Wind turbines and solar panels can have visual and environmental impacts on local landscapes. Some people find them unattractive or argue that they harm wildlife, especially when poorly sited.

Limited Energy Density

Renewable energy sources tend to have lower energy density compared to fossil fuels. This means that they may require more land or resources to generate the same amount of energy, which can contribute to habitat disruption and resource scarcity.

Energy Conversion Efficiency

The conversion of renewable resources into electricity is not always highly efficient. Solar panels and wind turbines, for example, cannot capture 100% of the available energy from the sun or wind.

Resource Availability

Not all regions have abundant access to renewable energy resources. For instance, regions with limited sunlight or wind may not be as suitable for solar or wind power generation.

Infrastructure and Grid Integration

Integrating renewable energy sources into existing energy grids and infrastructure can be complex and costly. The grid may require upgrades to accommodate variable energy sources and ensure reliability.

Closure: Renewable Energy Pros and Cons

Now, we can hope that you have been fully educated about remarkable advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy as well as drawbacks and benefits of renewable energy with ease. If this article is helpful for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

If you have any experience, tips, tricks, or query regarding this issue? You can drop a comment!

Happy Learning!!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *