Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Protocol: Architecture, Types, & Examples!

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Protocol: Architecture, Types, & Examples!

In this article, we are going to explain all possible things about What is Remote Procedure Call and its architecture, protocols, types, and examples; and involving with their advantages and disadvantages of RPC without any hassle!!

What is RPC?

Definition: Remote Procedure Call (RPC) is a very useful technique for making distributed and client-server based applications. RPC works as protocol that one program can obtain to request a service from program situated in other computer over the network without knowing any information of network. Procedure call is also called the “Function Call” or “Subroutine Call“. Remote Procedure Call is also used to make call another process on the remote system such as local system.

RPC Tutorial Headlines:

In this section, we will show you all headlines about this entire article; you can check them as your choice; below shown all:

  1. What is RPC?
  2. Remote Procedure Call In Operating System
  3. RPC Architecture
  4. Types of RPC
  5. Examples of RPC
  6. Advantages of RPC
  7. Disadvantages of RPC
  8. FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
  • What is remote procedure call in computer networks?
  • What is remote procedure call in distributed computing?
  • What is remote procedure call in cloud computing?
  • What is RPC architecture?
  • How many types of remote procedure call are available?
  • What is RPC protocol used for?
  • What are examples of remote procedure call (RPC) in real-life?

Let’s Start!!

Remote Procedure Call In Operating System

Remote Procedure Call delivers the high level communications paradigm that is implemented in the operating system.
Remote-Procedure-Call-RPCIt gets to presume the existing low level transport protocol, like as Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) or User Datagram Protocol (UDP), and these protocols help to carry all massages in between communicating programs. Often, Remote Procedure Call is introduced for logical client-to-server communications system that is supported to network applications.

RPC Architecture 

RPC architecture has major five elements; like as – 

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  • Client
  • Client Stub
  • RPC Runtime
  • Server Stub
  • Server

How Does Work RPC

Remote-Procedure-Call-RPC
Sequence steps are performed while getting RPC process:

  1. Client machine helps to execute client stub and instance of RPC run time which are provided by client.
  1. Client begins the client stub process that is passed in usual way, then client stub gets to save client’s address space, and finally it sends toward to server
  1. In this step, RPC Runtime handles the all transmission of messages in between all client-server networks, and it also able to do other jobs like as acknowledgment, routing, retransmission and encryption.
  1. After getting done server procedure, it sends back to server stub that packs return all values into message form, and then finally server stub fires a message back to transport layer.
  1. In this stage, transport layer fires back the resultant message to client transport layer, and finally moves back a message to client stub.
  1. In this step, client stub gets to unpack return parameters in the resultant packet, and finally execution process moves back to the caller.

Types of RPC (Remote Procedure Calls)

There are five different types of Remote Procedure Calls; below explain each one

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Synchronous: In Synchronous operation, the client try to make a call and does not able to regular until server returns the reply.

Non-blocking: In this operation, the client tries to make a call and continues along with its own processing, but server does not able to reply.

Batching RPC: This RPC allows to get queues, individual RPC requests, in the transmission buffer, over the client-edge, and then finally push them over the network in single batch to the server

Batching RPC Operations

  • Decrease overhead in sending request over the network.
  • Allowing to reliable transmission protocol
  • It is more helpful for those applications which are required less call rates.

Broadcast RPC: It allows to RPC clients broadcast facility, so they can broadcast all messages to several servers and then obtain entire consequent replies.

Broadcast RPC Operations

  • It allows to declare that client’s request messages have to be broadcast.
  • Users are able to specify the broadcast ports.
  • It allows to minimize the load over the physical network.

Callback RPC: In callback RPC, all clients are able to make non-blocking client/server call, and then server signal done by calling a procedure associated along with the clients.

Callback RPC Operations

  • Handle callback deadlocks
  • Callback makes the client process wait
  • Provide services server along with clients handle.

Examples of RPC 

There are various examples of Remote Procedure Calls (RPC); below mention all.

Remote File Access: Earliest, RPC was used to remote file and database access. Remote Procedure Calls was running in Valet-Plus VME-based test system, over Ethernet for getting to access all files on the mainframes and minicomputers.

Remote Software Task Management Load/Start/Control: In this stage, RPC permits the co-coordinating computer to execute various management functions required to configure and start the software in the enlarge data acquisition system.

Remote Graphics: In this case, active monitoring program gets to make call GKS standard graphics primitives, which are executed on a remote workstation.

Other Examples of RPCs

  • Remote monitoring program control
  • Remote FASTBUS access
  • Remote error logging
  • Remote terminal interaction with processors in VMEbus
  • Submission of operating system commands from embedded microprocessors

Advantages of RPC 

There are various benefits of Remote Procedure Call (RPC); such as –

  • RPC helps to clients for making communication with servers through use of procedure calls in high-level languages.
  • It can support to thread-oriented models and process-oriented.
  • It helps to get invisibility of their internal message-passing mechanism from the user.
  • It is implemented in the local environment as well as distributed environment.
  • RPC is able to rewrite and redevelop code with minimum efforts.
  • RPC supports to several protocol layers for growing performance.
  • Remote Procedure Call offers the “Abstraction“. For instance, it can pass messages of the network communication remains hidden from the users.
  • It offers a well defined interface.
  • It is able to make communication in between process on the similar otherwise dissimilar machines.
  • Simple call syntax and Offers known semantics
  • Processes cannot share address space
  • Parameters can be passed with using of their values.
  • RPC can execute only within the environment of server process.

Disadvantages of RPC 

  • Remote Procedure Call systems are not comfortable to transfer enlarge amounts of data.
  • RPC is not allowed to pass Parameters by pointer.
  • RPC involves communication system, another machine and another process, so it is vulnerable to get failure.
  • RPC has not any uniform standard, so it can be used in different kinds of ways.
  • RPC doesn’t provide any flexibility while using of hardware architecture.
  • Due to remote procedure call, process’s cost is enhanced.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is remote procedure call in computer networks?

Remote procedure call is a special software communication protocol that one program can use to get request a service from a program that is situated in another computer network without getting to understand of network’s information.

What is remote procedure call in distributed computing?

Remote procedure call is a distributed computing concept, in which a computer program calls a procedure to process in another address space than its own.

What is remote procedure call in cloud computing?

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) is a very useful technique that is used in cloud computing, distributed system and client-server based applications. RPC works as protocol that one program can obtain to request a service from program situated in other computer over the network without knowing any information of network.

What is RPC architecture?

RPC is simplest technique where remote software elements like as micro service, is known in the similar way that a local procedure would be called. Software-based mechanism is used to get remote process or service using a “translated” version of the code that performs a local call.

How many types of remote procedure call are available?

There are 5 different types of Remote Procedure Calls like as Synchronous, Non-blocking, Batching RPC, Broadcast RPC, and Callback RPC; and each one is explained above in this post; you can read them.

What is RPC protocol used for?

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) protocol is usually used to make communication in between processes on different types of workstations.

What are examples of remote procedure call (RPC) in real-life?

In this post, we already shown above many examples of RPC that are used in your daily life; you can check them.

Final Verdicts

Now, make ensure that you have fully learnt about What is Remote Procedure Call and its architecture, protocols, types, and examples; and involving with their advantages and disadvantages of RPC with ease. If this article is valuable for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

Also Read: What is Middleware? Architecture, Types, Examples, and Applications!!

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Happy Learning!!

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