10 Types of Computer Graphics with Pros & Cons {Easy Guide}!!

Hello Friends! From this article; we will cover all possible things about different types of computer graphics and its positive and negative things with ease. Make ensure that after reading this article; you will definitely fully aware about Computer Graphic Types without getting any hindrance.

Introduction to Computer Graphics

Computer graphics is a field of study and practice that focuses on creating, manipulating, and displaying visual content using computer system. It involves utilise of algorithms, mathematical formulas, and programming techniques to make and render images, interactive graphics, and animations.

Types of Computer Graphics

Computer graphics applications are going to use in many areas, including design (architectural visualization, product design), entertainment (video games, movies, virtual reality), simulation (flight simulators, weather modeling), scientific research, and data visualization.

It encompasses both raster graphics, composed of pixels, and vector graphics, defined by mathematical equations. Computer graphics plays a crucial role in enhancing user experiences, communicating information visually, and enabling creative expression.

What are the Different Types of Computer Graphics?

In this section, we will explore the world of computer graphics! And you will learn about different types of computer graphics; how they can be used to create stunning visuals. Computer graphics can be broadly categorized into two main types as following them:

Raster Graphics

Raster graphics is also known as bitmap graphics, are digital images composed of a grid of individual pixels. Each pixel carries specific color and brightness information, allowing for detailed rendering of visuals.

Also Read: 20 Applications of Computer Graphics and its Uses with Examples!!

Raster graphics store information about each pixel’s color and position, making them ideal for representing complex and detailed imagery such as photographs and digital paintings. However, resizing or scaling raster graphics can result in loss of quality due to pixelation.

Common file formats for raster graphics include JPEG, PNG, and GIF. They are widely used in digital photography, web design and various multimedia applications.

Raster Graphics Examples:

  • Photographs
  • Digital Paintings
  • Web Graphics (banners, buttons, icons)
  • Photo Editing
  • Textures and Patterns for 3D models
  • Maps (satellite images, aerial photos)
  • Scanned Documents
  • Comic Books and Manga
  • User Interface (UI) Design
  • Advertising Materials (posters, flyers, billboards)

File Formats for Raster:

  • JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)
  • PNG (Portable Network Graphics)
  • GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)
  • TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)
  • BMP (Bitmap)
  • PSD (Photoshop Document)
  • RAW

Advantages of Raster Graphics:

  • Realistic and detailed representation of complex visuals
  • Wide range of color and shading options for precise color reproduction
  • Support for intricate texture and fine details
  • Compatibility with various image editing and manipulation software
  • Suitable for photo editing and digital painting applications
  • Easy integration with digital cameras and scanners
  • Ability to create smooth gradients and realistic shadows
  • Efficient storage of photographic data and visual information
  • Compatibility with common file formats for easy sharing and distribution
  • Suitable for display on digital screens and printing on physical media

Disadvantages of Raster Graphics:

  • Limited scalability and loss of quality upon resizing or scaling
  • Pixelation and loss of detail when zooming in on images
  • Large file sizes, especially for high-resolution images, resulting in increased storage and bandwidth requirement
  • Difficulty in editing individual elements or components within the image
  • Inability to create vector-like crisp lines and shapes, leading to jagged edges
  • Limited ability to manipulate or modify the image without degrading its quality
  • Dependence on resolution, resulting in the need for different versions for various display sizes
  • Challenges in working with transparent backgrounds and overlaying images
  • Difficulty in creating smooth curves and precise geometric shapes
  • Lack of scalability for certain applications, such as logos and icons, where vector graphics are preferred

Vector Graphics

Vector graphics are digital images created using mathematical formulas to define shapes, lines, and curves.

They consist of objects with properties such as color, stroke, and fill, making them highly editable and flexible. Vector graphics are ideal for creating logos, icons, illustrations, and other graphics that require precise shapes and scalability.

They offer advantages like smaller file sizes, the ability to easily manipulate and edit individual elements, and the possibility of smooth lines and crisp edges. Common file formats for vector graphics include SVG, AI, and EPS.

Vector Graphics Examples:

  • Logos
  • Illustrations
  • Typography
  • Icon Design
  • Maps
  • Product Packaging
  • Technical Drawings
  • Infographics
  • Motion Graphics
  • Web Design

File Formats for Vector Images:

  • SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics):
  • AI (Adobe Illustrator):
  • EPS (Encapsulated PostScript)
  • PDF (Portable Document Format)
  • DXF (Drawing Exchange Format)

Advantages of Vector Graphics:

  • Infinite scalability without loss of quality, allowing for resizing to any size
  • Smaller file sizes compared to raster graphics, resulting in faster loading times
  • Easy editing and modification of individual elements, such as shapes, lines, and colors
  • Precise and crisp lines, shapes, and text, ideal for logos and icons
  • Ability to create smooth gradients and complex effects
  • Versatility across different media, including print, web, and mobile devices
  • Ability to maintain sharpness and clarity even at high resolutions
  • Efficient storage and bandwidth usage due to compact file sizes
  • Support for transparency and overlaying of objects without loss of quality
  • Compatibility with a wide range of software and devices, making them widely accessible and usable

Disadvantages of Vector Graphics:

  • Difficulty in representing complex and realistic textures and shading
  • Limited suitability for representing highly detailed or photographic imagery
  • Inability to achieve the same level of visual richness and depth as raster graphics
  • Limited range of color options and effects compared to raster graphics
  • Complexity in creating organic or freehand shapes that require intricate detailing
  • Processing limitations in rendering complex vector graphics in real-time
  • Lack of compatibility with certain software or platforms that primarily support raster graphics
  • Challenges in accurately representing certain natural phenomena, such as natural gradients or irregular patterns
  • Increased complexity in handling and editing complex vector files compared to raster images
  • Difficulty in creating realistic, non-linear or dynamic animations compared to raster-based animations

Differences in Between Raster and Vector Graphics

Here are 10 differences between raster and vector graphics presented in tabular form:


Raster Graphics

Vector Graphics


Composed of pixels and are resolution-dependentComposed of mathematical equations and are resolution-independent

Image Quality

Resolution-dependent, can lose quality when scaled upResolution-independent, maintains quality regardless of size


Not easily scalable without loss of qualityEasily scalable without loss of quality

File Size

Larger file size, especially for complex imagesSmaller file size, as only mathematical equations are stored


Pixel-level editing is possible but limitedEasy to edit, manipulate, and modify individual components


Fixed resolution, cannot be increased beyond its original sizeNo fixed resolution, can be scaled up or down as needed


Zooming in results in pixelation and loss of detailZooming in maintains sharpness and detail


Suitable for printing photographs and realistic imagesSuitable for printing logos, icons, and illustrations


Limited support for complex shapes and fine detailsSupports intricate designs, curves, and complex shapes

Common File Formats


Other Types of Computer Graphics

There are different types of computer graphics that fall under these two main categories, including:

Interactive Computer Graphics

Interactive computer graphics refers to the field of computer science that deals with creating and manipulating visual content in real-time through user interaction.

By leveraging algorithms and techniques such as 3D modeling, rendering, animation, and user input processing, interactive computer graphics provide immersive and engaging experiences.

From virtual reality to video games, interactive computer graphics play a crucial role in shaping modern digital entertainment, design, scientific visualization, and numerous other applications across various industries.

Non Interactive Computer Graphics

Non-interactive computer graphics help to the creation and rendering of visual content that is not influenced or manipulated in real-time by user input. It involves the generation and display of static or pre-determined images, animations, or visualizations that do not respond to user interaction.

Non-interactive computer graphics can include tasks such as rendering high-quality still images, creating pre-rendered animations for movies or advertisements, generating visualizations for scientific data analysis, or producing graphical content for print media.

Unlike interactive graphics, non-interactive graphics do not require real-time rendering or dynamic response to user actions, focusing instead on generating visually appealing and informative content.

2D Dimensional Computer Graphics

2D dimensional computer graphics refer to the creation, manipulation, and rendering of digital images or graphics in a two-dimensional space. It involves using computer software and algorithms to generate and display flat, two-dimensional shapes, colors, and textures on a screen or other output devices.

These graphics are widely going to use in many applications such as digital art, graphic design, user interfaces, and games that are providing a visually appealing and interactive experience to users via the representation of objects and scenes in a two-dimensional environment.

3D Dimensional Computer Graphics

3D dimensional computer graphics involve the creation, manipulation, and rendering of digital images or graphics in a three-dimensional space. It encompasses the use of computer software and algorithms to generate and display objects, environments, and characters with depth, volume, and realistic attributes.

3D graphics find applications in various fields including animation, visual effects, virtual reality, video games, architectural visualization, and product design.

Animation Graphics

Animation graphics involve the creation and manipulation of visual elements to produce the illusion of motion or change over time. It is achieved through a series of still images, called frames that are played in rapid succession.

Computer software and tools are utilized to design, animate, and render these graphics, bringing characters, objects, and scenes to life. Animation graphics find applications in various fields, including film and television, advertising, video games, and interactive media.

They enable storytelling, convey information, evoke emotions, and entertain audiences by seamlessly combining artistry, technology, and narrative to create captivating and dynamic visual experiences.

Motion Graphics

Motion graphics are getting to the use of animated visual elements, like as text, shapes, and images, to convey information, tell stories, or enhance visual presentations. It combines graphic design principles with animation techniques to create visually engaging and dynamic content.

Motion graphics are often used in fields like advertising, marketing, film, television, and user interfaces. They utilize software tools and techniques to create smooth transitions, kinetic typography, and visual effects that bring static elements to life.

Virtual Reality (VR) Graphics

Virtual Reality (VR) graphics refer to the rendering and creation of visual content for immersive virtual reality experiences. VR graphics objective to replicate realistic and interactive environments; and that are allowing users to feel as if they are physically present in a virtual world.

These graphics utilize advanced rendering techniques, like as real-time rendering and 3D modeling, to generate lifelike visuals with depth, perspective, and interactive elements. VR graphics are employed in various applications, including gaming, simulations, training, education, and virtual tours.

Augmented Reality (AR) Graphics

Augmented Reality (AR) graphics get the integration of virtual visual elements into the real world, increasing the user’s perception of their surroundings.

These graphics can be experienced through mobile devices, smart glasses, or heads-up displays. AR graphics find applications in various fields, including gaming, education, navigation, marketing, and industrial design.

Wrapping Up

Through this post, you have been completed learnt about different types of computer graphics and its positive and negative things with ease. If this content is giving value you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

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Happy Learning!!

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