What is Supercomputer? Features, Applications, Types, & Examples!!

In this article, we will guide you about What is supercomputer and its types, examples, applications; involving with characteristics and features of supercomputer with ease. This is ultimate article over the internet; so make sure that at the end of this article; you will definitely fully educated about What is Supercomputer without getting any hassle.

Supercomputer Definition!!

Supercomputers have a huge performance compare to other using general purpose computer because its architectural and operational model depend on the parallel and grid processing. Primary motive to design of supercomputer was to be used in large scale organizations where need more computing power.


Supercomputer has a power to execute many processes simultaneously on thousand of processors, because these types of processors can execute billions and trillion of instructions per seconds, so its computing performance matrix is FLOPS (that is floating-point operations per second). So these types of supercomputers are more expensive they can 5 lakh dollars to 200 million dollars.

Read More – Complete Guide to Mainframe Computer!!

Supercomputer Tutorial Headlines:

In this section, we will show you all headlines about this entire article; you can check them as your choice; below shown all:

  1. Supercomputer Definition!!
  2. History of Supercomputer
  3. Types of Supercomputer
  4. Examples of Supercomputer
  5. Application of Supercomputer
  6. Characteristics of Supercomputer
  7. Features of Supercomputer
  8. Disadvantages of Supercomputer
  9. FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
  • What is super computer and examples?
  • Who invented first supercomputer?
  • What is the size of supercomputer in feet?
  • What is the speed of supercomputer?
  • Where are supercomputers used?
  • What are 5 uses of supercomputer?
  • How many types of supercomputers are there?
  • What are the different types of supercomputers in India?
  • What are the 10 examples of supercomputer?
  • What are the four applications of supercomputer in real-life?
  • What are the main characteristics of supercomputer?
  • What are the features of supercomputer?

Let’s Get Started!!

History of Supercomputer

Read More – Types of Computer and Their Functions!!

The first supercomputer was designed by Seymour Cray in 1960 in Control Data Corporation (CDC).Control Data Corporation produced supercomputer in which computer more processor were embedded so its speed ten time more fastest compare to those computer, which were produced  by other companies. Before later 1980s, many types of vector processors were used in the supercomputer in four to sixteen levels.

Nowadays, supercomputers are designed by the traditional “companies”. For example, IBM, Cray and Hewlett-Packard. Tianhe-1A supercomputer is the fastest supercomputer since October 2010 that is located in the Chine. I hope that you are aware some things about what is supercomputer.

Types of Supercomputer

Read More – Different Components of Mainframe Computer!!

The supercomputer has to divide into three categories such as Vector processing machines, tightly connected cluster computer and in finally commodity computer.

Vector Processing Machines: This machine was invented in 1980 to 1990s. In which arrange the all processor in the array form, and its CPU is capable to execute all huge mathematically operations in a few time.

Tightly Connected Cluster Computer: In these types of system, connect all groups of computers and assigned the task to all group equally so the reason of this clustering enhanced the speed of computer. There are four types of cluster like as Director-based clusters, Two-node clusters, Multi-node clusters, and massively parallel clusters.

Commodity Cluster: In this system, high-bandwidth low-latency local area networks were interconnected by the Commodity computer.

Examples of Supercomputer

There are some examples of Supercomputer with detail:

  1. Titan
  2. IBM Sequoia
  3. K Computer
  4. Tianhe-I
  5. Jaguar
  6. IBM Roadrunner
  10. JUGENE


Titan supercomputer was designed by the Cray Company in their Oak ridge national laboratory. This Titan supercomputer developed for the specific scientific project like as large atomic molecular huge simulator code.

IBM Sequoia

IBM Sequoia supercomputer was invented by industry weight, IBM at the national nuclear security administration, in 2012. Prime goal of producing this computer, implement those supercomputer in simulation of nuclear weapons. Blue Gene/L name replaced to earlier updation of supercomputer.

K Computer

K computer was designed by company Fujitsu in the Japan. Main objective of this type of supercomputer implement in the diagnose, climatic, and disaster preventation. Its speed calculated Rmax 10.51 PFLOPS. Presently, this supercomputer is placed in the at Riken University at computer science department.


The Tianhe was assigned the first rank as fasted supercomputer in the year 2010-2011, its speed was Rmax 2.566 PFLOPS. This supercomputer was developed with estimated cost 490 millin dolor. Applications areas of this computer were petroleum exploration and design aircraft.


The Jaguar supercomputer came in the market before the Titan computer, and made by the Cray Company in their Oak ridge national laboratory in Tennessee. This supercomputer’s speed counted as 1.750 TeraFLOPS. This computers were developed for manage some complicated problems such as climate modeling, renewable energy, scientific simulations for exploration and fusion among other. Jaguar supercomputer built by 37,376 six-core AMD Istanbul processors.

IBM Roadrunner

This powerful project was chased by IBM in the year 2008. It was developed in the Los Angeles national laboratory, and its speed 1.026 petaFLOPS. The usages of these types of supercomputer were done in nuclear arsenal. That computer was more energy efficiency supercomputer in year 2009.


Nebulae supercomputer is places in Shenzhen, China. Its speed was 1.271 PFLOPS. Nebulae supercomputer was designed by Dawning TC3600 Blade system along with Intel X5650 processors and NVidia Tesla C2050 GPU.


Kraken was other updated Cray XT5 system, and placed in computational science(NICS). Main objective of developing was done for increasing the efficiency of the biofuel and weather modeling. NICS having a good partnership in between the Tennessee University and Oak Ridge National Lab.


Pleiades supercomputer placed at NASA’s Ames Research Center in Mountain View, Calif. In the Pleiades supercomputer embedded the 14,080 Intel Xeon quad-core processors.


Jugene supercomputer was developed by IBM BlueGene/P technology, and in this computer use 72,000 processors. Its application areas are environment research, simulation material science, and other science research labs.

Application of Supercomputer

Read More – Important Functions of Mainframe Computer!!

There are many application areas where to use of supercomputer such as

Biology Areas

Mostly, supercomputer used to diagnose for various diseases, and provide the assistance for producing good result in strokes, brain injuries and other blood flow issues in your body.

Military and Defense Missions

Supercomputing help to provide virtual testing for nuclear explosion and weapon ballistics.

Climate Patterns

Supercomputer application is able to study and understand climate patterns.

Airlines Industry

With the help of supercomputer, designed the flight simulators for newbie pilots and this simulator help to training for new pilots.

Weather Forecasting

To gather the information related to weather forecasting, supercomputer run in the NOAA’s system, means National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. NOAA system is able to execute all types of simple and logically instructions.

Scientific Research areas

In the weather and science research areas depend on the supercomputer because for analyzing data from the exploring solar system, satellites that rounding earth, and other area such as nuclear research.

Advance database (Data Mining)

Some large scale companies need the supercomputer for extracting useful information from data storage house or in the cloud system. Such as insurance companies.

Financial Market Place

Supercomputer plays vital role in the real financial success in the emerging online currency world such as bit coin and stock market.

Simulated Environment in Automobile

Supercomputer provides the help to people for buying vehicle because before purchasing the vehicle customer can test through simulation environment that is created by supercomputer.

Smog Control System

Scientists use supercomputers in own laboratory for predicting the fog and other pollution level on the particular areas, and then take final step to prevent them.

Characteristics of Supercomputer

Read More – Several Examples of Mainframe Computer!!

  1. These types of computers are able to solve large amount of calculations, and complicated calculation as well.
  2. Multiple users are capable to access supercomputer at same time.
  3. Having more expensive so any ordinary users can not purchase that computer.
  4. Use for special areas where need to high amount and complicated calculations.
  5. Having huge storage capacity.

Features of Supercomputer

Read More – Different Applications of Mainframe Computer!!

We will discuss about features of Supercomputer and advantages as well.

Enhance your Protection

This supercomputer can easily decrypt your password for your security purpose.

Not More Expensive According to Work

More organizations use this computer as part time, because supercomputer is able to perform big task in few times.

Implement in Filming

The supercomputer has superb power of rending the animation in excellent result.

Virtual Testing

Supercomputer allow us to virtual testing for nuclear weapons and other dangerous medical testing, because these types of testing more harmful for environment if implement this on real time testing. 

Other Features Are

  • Not more processing tome
  • Protect to environment
  • Used for R&D
  • Advance Graphic capability

Disadvantages of Supercomputer

Read More – Features of Mainframe Computer!!

  • More Expensive
  • Need more space for setup
  • Not useful for broad applications
  • Not able to replace physical testing
  • Need well trained staff
  • Required more maintenance
  • Need massive external storage for huge data
  • High power requirements
  • Need water cooling in addition to an A/C system, because supercomputer produces more heat during processing time.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is super computer and examples?

Supercomputer is a special computer that has great speed, memory and better performance than to other general purpose computers. For examples are Titan, IBM Sequoia, K Computer, Tianhe-I, Jaguar, IBM Roadrunner, and more.

Who invented first supercomputer?

The first supercomputer was designed by Seymour Cray in 1960 in Control Data Corporation (CDC).

What is the size of supercomputer in feet?

Supercomputer is a massive computer that contains the 57 miles of fibre-optic cables and weights a half-million pound; and it acquires the 6,000 square feet of floor space.

What is the speed of supercomputer?

Supercomputer’s speed is going to measure in floating-point operations per second (FLOPs). Petaflops are a measure of computer’s processing speed same to the thousand trillion flops.

Where are supercomputers used?

Supercomputer plays the vital role in the area of computational science, quantum mechanics, weather forecasting, climate research, oil and gas exploration, molecular modelling, and more.

What are 5 uses of supercomputer?

A supercomputer is used in such area where to need ultra-computing process of data such as:

  • Biology Areas
  • Military and Defence Missions
  • Airlines Industry
  • Weather Forecasting
  • Scientific Research areas

How many types of supercomputers are there?

The supercomputer is classified into two categories like as Vector processing machines and tightly connected cluster computer.

What are the different types of supercomputers in India?

There are many types of supercomputer, which are used in India like as: PARAM Siddhi-AI, Pratyush (Cray XC40), Mihir (Cray XC40) and so on.

What are the 10 examples of supercomputer?

  • Summit, U.S
  • Fugaku, Japan
  • Sunway TaihuLight, China
  • Sierra, U.S
  • Selene, U.S
  • Tianhe-2A, China
  • HPC5, Italy
  • JUWELS Booster Module, Germany
  • Dammam-7, Saudi Arabia
  • Frontera, US

What are the four applications of supercomputer in real-life?

There are four real-life applications of supercomputer that you don’t aware about till now like as:

  • Bitcoin Marketplace
  • Newspaper Sector
  • Automobile safety Ratings
  • Smog control

What are the main characteristics of supercomputer?

  • Supercomputers are able to solve large amount of calculations, and complicated calculation as well.
  • Multiple users are capable to access supercomputer at same time.
  • Having more expensive so any ordinary users cannot purchase that computer.

What are the features of supercomputer?

Through this article, we already have explained above many features of supercomputer; you can read them.

Summing Up

Now i hope that, you have been completed aware about What is supercomputer and its types, examples, applications; involving with characteristics and features of supercomputer with ease. If this article is helpful for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

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