Bus Topology: Diagram, Advantages, Disadvantages, Examples, Uses

Bus Topology: Diagram, Advantages, Disadvantages, Examples, Uses

In this blog post, we will explain in detail about what is bus topology and its diagram, examples and uses; involving with advantages and disadvantages of bus topology in networking with ease. This is ultimate article over the internet; make sure that at the end of this post; you will definitely fully aware about what is bus topology without any hassle.

What is Bus Topology?

Definition: A bus topology is also known as “Line Topology“, and it is used in the Local Area Network. In bus topology network all devices (Computers, printers etc) are linked with using one backbone wire like as coaxial cable, RJ-45, STP or UTP.

Bus Topology Diagram

bus topology

In bus topology, data flows with bidirectional (both side). If, sometime backbone wire gets damage then whole network will be halt. It is main drawback of this topology.

Also Read: What is Personal Area Network (PAN)? Diagram, Types, and Examples!!

Bus Topology Tutorial Headlines:

In this section, we will show you all headlines about this entire article; you can check them as your choice; below shown all:

  1. What is Bus Topology?
  2. Bus Topology Diagram
  3. Bus Topology in Computer Network
  4. Advantages of Bus Topology
  5. Disadvantages of Bus Topology
  6. Examples of Bus Topology in Real Life
  7. Uses of Bus Topology
  8. How to Expand Cable
  9. FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
  • What is bus topology and its diagram?
  • Why is it called a bus topology?
  • What is bus topology with examples?
  • Who invented bus topology?
  • What is the speed of bus topology?
  • Where bus topology is used in real life?
  • What are the examples of bus topology in daily life?
  • What are features of bus topology?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of bus topology?

Let’s Start!!

Bus Topology in Computer Network

In computer network, several computers are attached with each other through communication medium (Wired or wireless). These linked computers over the network are called “Nodes”. These computers which are linked in the network can share different resources like as files, printers, FAX machine etc.

Bus Topology is used in the computer networks, in which all computers are linked to each other through one cable. This cable is known as “Backbone of Network”. Mostly Ethernet cable is implemented to connect multiple nodes in the Bus Topology. In Bus Topology, all information passes from first node to last node over the network.

Advantages of Bus Topology

There are various benefits of bus topology in network such as –

Also Read: What is LAN (Local Area Network)? Diagram, Types, Examples, and Uses!!

  • Easy to scale up
  • It is more comfortable for a small region.
  • It needs less cable (wire) compare to other network topology.
  • Both cable of Internet and electricity can be passed together.
  • No need of hubs and switches.
  • Easy to make extension in the network, For example – Connecting LAN cable with repeater or connectors, extra computers or other terminal can be added in the bus topology.
  • It’s speed of sending and receiving data higher to other typologies.
  • No need to power for wiring terminators.
  • Easy to troubleshoot to bus topology
  • If sometime any terminal gets failure, then other network will not effect.
  • Easy to identify its issues then these issues can be easily fixed.

Disadvantages of Bus Topology

Here, some drawbacks of bus topology in network, such as –

Also Read: What is Coaxial Cable: Diagram, Uses and Types of Coaxial Cable!!

  • It is limited to only small region.
  • Bus topology depend on the main cable, if sometime it gets damaged then entire LAN network will be destroyed.
  • Data collisions rate higher to other topologies.
  • It gets degrade the performance due to overload of transferring data, if multiple computers or another terminals are linked with one main cable of line topology system.
  • Less security risk because in this network every client have authority to see all data which are flowing on the local network.
  • Need terminators at both side edges of backbone cable.
  • Getting more challenges to identify the issue, if whole network gets failed
  • It can’t be used as stand-alone solution.
  • Computers are not able to regain the signals, so it is also called the “Passive Topology”.
  • Signals get damage due to long distance.
  • Need much space.
  • One information can be sent at once
  • Need much maintenance.

Examples of Bus Topology in Real Life

Bus topology is used in different applications in real life such as –

Applications & Uses of Bus Topology are :-

Share landline telephone connection

Let’s example, you have three story building and you need to make landline connection on each floor. Then you have two options, first is apply three landline connections. But this way is more expensive because in which to need separate configuration setup for every landline connection.

Second way is to use bus topology system; it means each floor’s telephone is connected to main landline cable through telephone sockets. 

Ethernet Networks

Ethernet network is best alternative to LAN network, and it has high speed (10 million bits per second) to transmit and receive data compare to Local Area Network (LAN).

Sharing Resources

Various I/O devices such as printers, FAX machine, scanner etc can be attached in office with using of bus topology network.

How to Expand Cable

With the help of “Barrel of Tip” connector, can be connected two small part of cable, and expand the cable.

“Repeater” device also helps to connect two cables, and it increases the signal to reach its target node.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is bus topology and its diagram?

A bus topology is going to use for ‘Local Area Network’ whereas all nodes are linked along with a single cable, and this cable is known as the ‘Backbone’ because if it cable is broken then entire network will be failed. You can check bus topology diagram above in this article.

Why is it called a bus topology?

Bus topology is a LAN network topology where all devices (Computers, printers etc.) are attached to main cable or link as bus form, so it is called the bus topology.

What is bus topology with examples?

A bus topology is also known as ‘Line Topology’ because here all devices are attached by one central RJ-45 network cable or coaxial cable over the network. For example is to connect two floors via single line.

Who invented bus topology?

Bus topology is invented by Robert Metcalfe and his associates in 1972.

What is the speed of bus topology?

The information flows via the cable in both directions at an approximate speed of 10/100 Mbps.

Where bus topology is used in real life?

The bus topology is going to use in a LAN network to make connection with different kinds of nodes to a specific cable like as coaxial cable/RJ-45 cable. A bus topology can be used in a small office to attach various I/O devices such as printers, FAX machine, scanner etc. with a single cable; then anyone can get access them on their workstation.

What are the examples of bus topology in daily life?

In this article, already we have been shown many examples of bus topology; and where you can use it, you can check them.

What are features of bus topology?

  • You can easily to make connection with other devices of network such as hub, switch, router etc.
  • Easy to scale up
  • It is more comfortable for a small region
  • It has no limitation to connect number of nodes to the network, but increased number of linked nodes can degrade the performance of the network.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of bus topology?

A bus topology has many pros and cons, and they are already covered in this post; you can follow it.

Final Remarks

Now, i hope that you have been fully educated about what is bus topology and its diagram, examples and uses; involving with advantages and disadvantages of bus topology in networking with ease. If this article is valuable for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

Also Read: Application Layer in OSI Model: Functions, Protocols, Examples, and Services!!

If you have any experience, tips, tricks, or query regarding this issue? You can drop a comment!

Happy Learning!!

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