20 Advantages and Disadvantages of Tree Topology | Features & Benefits

In this blog post, today we are going to list out the 20 advantages and disadvantages of tree topology network; involving with many benefits and drawbacks of tree topology with ease. At the end of this article; you will get to know about various pros and cons of tree topology network.

Introduction of Tree Topology

A tree topology is an especial kind of structure whereas several attached elements are managed such as branches of a tree. In the tree topology network, all computers and terminals are linked to the main system as a hierarchical aspect. Tree topology enables the many star topologies that involve a variety of single node that is connected to a centralized node.


Tree topology is also called the star bus topology, because it enables the elements of both star and bus topology network. A tree topology is going to use a simplest program to keep handle the network. It also offers the concentration point for control and error resolution. It is a central system that is the uppermost order of hierarchy, and usually it is mainframe computer. A tree topology allows to point to point cabling that is made for separately segments; as well as it is supportable for many hardware and software vendors.

Advantages of Tree Topology

Here, we will cover about several merits and benefits of tree topology network; below shown each one in detail, you can check them:

Also Read: 25 Advantages and Disadvantages of Mesh Topology | Benefits & Drawbacks

Extension of Star & Bus Topologies:

A tree topology makes the extension of bus and star topologies that means it is capable to link these separately network to a enlarge, and system wide design that still keeps maintains the hierarchical structure that few business need. It is a helpful layout for other two options, which don’t have similar capability to get reach scalability because it makes an alternative that utilizes the available resources.

If you have already bus or star topology then a tree topology can be made by using a single backbone wire that links them all, so it will take less time to establish a needed network with managing the retrofit prices.

Expansion of Network as Simplest Process:

It is simplest process to expand the existed network, because just you have to need an additional cable and hub. As well as, many star networks can be attached to the backbone cable without any obstacle.

Great Scalability:

It is very easy process to scale up of tree topology, because there is not needed to acquire much space. The tree topology network consists the hierarchical pattern that lets the network to attach several secondary devices. As well as, it has enough hubs, then multiple computers can be easily linked for each of hubs.

Detecting Error:

In the tree topology, error detection process is easiest process. Each node of the topology is linked via the centralized hub. So, hub has ability to identify the node being error, while transmitting all information via nodes passes through network nub device. You can also easily change the faulty cable or fix other issues being the nodes.

Sound Security:

A tree topology is linked via switch/hub, and then it provides the better security as compare the star and bus topology.

Good Robustness:

A tree topology is spitted into various parts; if any single workstation gets fail then its other operations will not be affected. Even, central hub failure, then entire network will be still worked properly. But, if backbone wire gets damage then its operations will be effected because whole network is totally depended upon the backbone cable.

Device Support:

If you want to add new devices along with your tree topology network then it can be considered as best selection. A tree topology has a hybrid approach that allows to get support from several manufactures. it makes ensure that the admin is able to get access to the devices for maintaining and other task.

Best Compatibility:

A tree topology is getting to support a wide range of hardware and software vendors, therefore this topology is much better as compare to bus and star topology as well.

Less Cable Requirement:

It doesn’t need any cables for getting to install of the tree topology. There is the availability of a individual cable that works as the backbone of network, and it is capable to run merge for all the segments of network. Each tree network is assigned along with point to point cabling. Cause of point-to-point cabling over the network, it makes ensure higher bandwidth and less latency.

Dividation into Many Segments:

Most of tree topologies network are spitted into many star networks; then this workstations can attach to a centralized hub that offers the link to backbone wire. Causes of this, the whole system gets easy to keep maintain and manage because admins have several layers of protect to use. Every star topology is able to work itself separately from the remain network as required.

Disadvantages of Tree Topology

If you want to get know about what are the disadvantages of tree topology? Then don’t worry! In this section, we are going to explain about all major drawbacks and limitations of tree topology network; below shown each one, you can read them:

Also Read: Advantages and Disadvantages of Ring Topology | Features & Benefits

Rely on the Main Bus Cable:

Tree topology is totally based on the cable transmit data to the entire network for passing the information one by one node that makes weak region. When one node gets fail then it will affect the whole network, remain network will be getting to access.

It can most difficult if any error happens into the backbone cable. Before going to identify the error, the tree topology’s branches and whole system will not work perfectly.


The network’s scalability is based on the kind of cable that is used to make the network. If the cable is getting poor quality then it will make an issue for expending the network in later. As well as, data transfer rate is also affected by using that kind of cable.

Difficult the Maintenance of Network:

Due to enlarge size, configuration and maintenance of a tree topology is going to become more difficult. You have to need lots of time is taken to keep manage point to point connection, identification of errors, and separately star networks. This can be one of the main reasons why are getting less prefer tree topology by the large organizations.

Installation Hassle:

Due to difficulties of installation of tree topology, it is going to use as limited. Since a tree topology enables both bus and star network topology; so the cabling needs are most demanded. This makes the installation procedure of tree is going to most difficult and expensive.

Security Issues:

This is major drawback of tree topology is a security problem to all workstations, which are linked over the network of tree topology can view the sent data with the network. If all connections are up and running, then they are getting to access to each other; it makes the system prone security. Whenever any unwanted guy tries to enter the establishing and access the network; they are capable to get destroy the whole network with in few seconds.

This can be most dangerous to any business otherwise other one that are using the tree topology. To get secure this data; they should enable the workstation based security protocols and other password protections to avoid the information access. With using the physical security at the front area, user can easily to prevent unauthorized accessibility.

Hub Problem:

Whenever, anyone hub is going to stop working then few nodes will be become disconnected from the network.


The cable length of a tree topology is also most effected factor; while making the point-to-point connection in a tree topology, and length of cable is also limited to a specific point by default. This limitation further can create the problem, since it makes it challenging to get wired. Apart of this, there also will be massive wiring requirement, when the network needs expansion that will enhance the total price.

Need More Cable length:

Massive lengths of cables are needed to expand the network. Therefore, the cable length enhances as the network grow up and it becomes an issue to keep manage the cables.

Features of Tree Topology

There are many characteristics and features of tree topology; you should be known about them, below shown each one:

  • Each system is completely connected.
  • It has great robustness.
  • Highly reliable and fault-tolerant
  • Due to use of hub/switch, tree topology offers the enhanced network performance.
  • A tree topology network can be easily scale-up with adding more devices.

Final Remarks

Now, i can hope that you have been completely get to know about many advantages and disadvantages of tree topology network; involving with many benefits and drawbacks of tree topology with ease. If this post is useful for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

Also Read: Linear Bus Topology: Advantages, Disadvantage, & Examples!!

If you have any experience, tips, tricks, or query regarding this issue? You can drop a comment!

Happy Learning!!

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