What is SRAM (Static RAM)? Examples & Types of SRAM

SRAM is a type of RAM (Random Access Memory) that is able to retain data bits in its memory a long as power is being supplied. Now, here we are going to cover about what is static and its full form; involving with different types of SRAM with ease. After completing this post, we make ensure that you will definitely completely aware about What is SRAM and its Types without getting any Obstacle.

What is SRAM?

DefinitionSRAM (Static Random-Access Memory) is a type of RAM memory that uses latching circuitry (flip-flop) to store each bit. It is a volatile memory, meaning data is lost when power is removed. SRAM is faster than DRAM (Dynamic Random-Access Memory) but more expensive and requires more space. It is mostly going to use for CPU cache and internal registers; and other applications , including hard disk buffers, router buffers,  printers,  personal computers, and LCD screens.


Main objective of using the static RAM is to make Cache Memory. Static Ram is more expensive because it is made with using of much complicated structure, and its complexity is also limited for storing amount of data into one chip. Due to this, SRAM chips have not ability to hold much data compare to DRAM. So, SRAM is used mostly in to small size applications like as CPU cache memory and hard drive buffers, compact discs (CD’s), printers, modem, routers, digital versatile discs (DVD’s) and digital cameras.

What is SRAM Tutorial Headlines:

In this section, we will show you all headlines about this entire article; you can check them as your choice; below shown all:

  1. What is SRAM?
  2. SRAM Memory Architecture
  3. Types of SRAM (Static RAM)
  4. SRAM Memory Applications & Examples
  5. Characteristics of SRAM
  6. FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
  • What is SRAM in computer?
  • What is SRAM used for?
  • What is the purpose of SRAM?
  • Why is SRAM used for cache?
  • What is the size of SRAM?
  • What are the different types of SRAM?
  • What does SRAM stand for?
  • What are the examples of SRAM?
  • What are the common characteristics of SRAM?
  • Why SRAM is called SRAM?

Let’s Get Started!!

SRAM Memory Architecture

SRAM memory has ability to retain data as long as power is supplied and its faster access times. Here’s an overview of the typical SRAM memory architecture:


Memory Cell

The basic building block of SRAM is the memory cell, which is a flip-flop circuit. A memory cell consists of two cross-coupled inverters (transistors), forming a bistable circuit. This bistable configuration allows the cell to store a binary bit (0 or 1) in a stable state without the need for constant refreshing.

Bitlines and Wordlines

SRAM is organized into an array of memory cells. The memory cells are arranged in rows and columns. The bitlines and wordlines are used to access individual cells in the array. Bitlines are used to read and write data, and wordlines are used to select rows of memory cells.

Read and Write Operations

Reading from an SRAM cell involves activating the wordline corresponding to the row of the desired cell. The state of the memory cell affects the voltage on the bitline, allowing the readout of the stored data.

Writing to an SRAM cell involves applying a voltage to the bitlines and wordlines to set the desired state of the memory cell. The bistable nature of the flip-flop allows the cell to maintain its state until it is explicitly changed.

Sense Amplifiers

Sense amplifiers are used to detect and amplify the small voltage differences on the bitlines during a read operation. The amplified signal is then used to determine the state of the memory cell.


Decoders are used to select specific rows or columns of the SRAM array based on the address provided. The address lines are decoded to activate the corresponding wordline and bitlines for read or write operations.

Write Driver

The write driver circuitry is responsible for providing the necessary voltage levels to write data into the SRAM cells. It controls the voltage on the bitlines during a write operation.

Cell Stability

SRAM cells are designed to be stable in either a high or low state without constant refreshing, unlike dynamic RAM (DRAM) cells that require periodic refreshing to maintain data integrity. This inherent stability contributes to SRAM’s faster access times but also makes it more power-hungry compared to certain types of non-volatile memory.

Power Consumption

SRAM tends to consume more power compared to other types of memory due to its bistable nature, which requires continuous power to maintain the stored data. This makes it less power-efficient for large-scale memory storage compared to technologies like DRAM, but its speed makes it suitable for certain applications where performance is crucial.

Types of SRAM (Static RAM)

There are different types of SRAM, such as –

Non-Volatile SRAM

Non-volatile SRAM is capable to store all information when power supply gets turn off.

Pseudo SRAM

Pseudo SRAM is a type of memory that combines the features of both DRAM and SRAM. It has a DRAM core but includes SRAM-like interfaces for faster random access. Pseudo SRAM uses the self refresh circuit, but it is slow speed to static RAM.

Quad Data Rate (QDR) SRAM

QDR SRAM is a type of synchronous SRAM that supports high-speed data transfers with a quad data rate interface.

Multi-Port SRAM

Multi-Port SRAM has multiple independent ports, allowing simultaneous access from multiple sources. This type is used in applications where multiple processors and components require for getting to access the memory simultaneously.

Radiation-Hardened SRAM

Radiation-hardened SRAM is developed to withstand the effects of ionizing radiation that is making it perfectly for use in aerospace and other applications whereas exposure to radiation is a major concern.

Static RAM is divided into two parts according to its functionality


Asynchronous SRAM operates without a clock signal, and its operations are not synchronized to a clock. It relies on control signals to coordinate read and write operations. In which, Address transition has all control of data in and data out, and it contains the independent of clock frequency.


Synchronous SRAM is synchronized to a clock signal, providing a more structured and controlled timing for read and write operations. This type of SRAM is commonly used in high-performance areas where precise synchronization is crucial. In which, all control signals, data, and address are linked with the clock signals.

SRAM Memory Applications & Examples

SRAM is classified according to its fast access times and is commonly used in many applications whereas high-speed data access is crucial. Here are some key applications of SRAM memory:

Processor Cache

L1 Cache: SRAM is often used in the Level 1 (L1) cache of microprocessors due to its fast read and write speeds. The L1 cache stores frequently accessed instructions and data, providing quick access for the CPU.

L2 and L3 Cache: SRAM is also employed in higher-level caches (L2 and L3) to enhance overall system performance by reducing the time it takes for the processor to fetch data from the main memory.

Embedded Systems

SRAM is commonly used in embedded systems where low power consumption and fast access times are critical. For Examples, like as automotive systems, consumer electronics, and industrial control systems.

Networking Devices

SRAM is used in networking devices such as routers and switches to store routing tables and buffer data packets.

Graphics Processing Units (GPUs)

SRAM is utilized in GPUs to store frequently accessed data, such as textures and vertex buffers, to accelerate graphics rendering.

Storage Systems

SRAM is sometimes used in storage systems, particularly in the cache memory of storage controllers. This helps in improving the speed of data retrieval from storage devices.

Communication Systems

In communication systems, SRAM is used for buffering and storing data temporarily. This is critical in applications as wireless communication, whereas quick access to data is essential for keep maintaining the signal integrity.

Automotive Electronics

SRAM is utilised in several automotive applications, like as engine control units (ECUs), safety systems, and infotainment systems. Due to speed and reliability make it suitable for applications that need rapid data access.

Medical Devices

SRAM can be found in medical devices like as imaging equipment and patient monitoring systems. The high-speed and low-latency characteristics are advantageous in processing and storing real-time data.

FPGAs (Field-Programmable Gate Arrays)

Some FPGAs use SRAM-based configuration memory. SRAM helps for getting to re-programme of the FPGA that is providing the flexibility in customizing the device for certain applications.

Characteristics of SRAM

  • It occupies less storage space as compare to DRAM.
  • Less power consumption to DRAM
  • Usage: level 1 or level 2 cache
  • Cycle time is lesser than to DRAM because SRAM doesn’t need to pause in between accesses.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is SRAM in computer?

SRAM is a type of RAM (Random Access Memory) that is able to retain data bits in its memory a long as power is being supplied. Static RAM doesn’t have this need that outcome result in the better performance with low usage of power.

What is SRAM used for?

SRAM is primary used in the computer’s cache memory like as processor’s L2 or L3 cache.

What is the purpose of SRAM?

The main objective of designing the SRAM is to complete two needs: first is to serve a direct interface along with CPU as speeds not attainable by DRAMs and seconds is to replace DRAMs in the systems that need with lower power usage.

Why is SRAM used for cache?

SRAM contains the constant power supply, so it doesn’t need to be refreshed in order to keep remember the data being stored in it.

What is the size of SRAM?

The storage capacity of SRAM is 1MB to 16MB

What are the different types of SRAM?

There are two different types of SRAM like as Non-Volatile SRAM and Pseudo SRAM. Further, Static RAM is divided into two parts according to its functionality such as Asynchronous and Synchronous.

What does SRAM stand for?

SRAM stands for ‘Static Random Access Memory’ in the computer industry. SRAM is also simple types of RAM (Random Access Memory) that helps to store all data with using of static technique.

What are the examples of SRAM?

SRAM is widely used in computer for enhancing its speed, for example it may be part of a RAM digital-to-analog converter (RAMDAC) on a video or graphic card of computer.

What are the common characteristics of SRAM?

  • Cycle time is lesser than to DRAM because SRAM doesn’t need to pause in between accesses.
  • Low consumption of power

Why SRAM is called SRAM?

SRAM is an acronym comprising the names of its founders, Scott, Ray, and Sam, (where Ray is the middle name of the company’s first CEO, Stan Day).

Final Thoughts

Now i can hope that you have been fully learnt about what is static and its full form; involving with different types of SRAM with ease. If this article is valuable for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

Also Read: What is RAM? Uses & Examples | Types of RAM in Computer!!

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