What is Keyboard? 20 Different Types of Computer keyboard!!

A keyboard is an essential input device that allows a user to enter text, numbers, and commands into a computer. It consists of keys for alphabets, numbers, symbols, and function keys. Now, here we will show you about what is keyboard; as well as many different types of computer keyboard with ease. At the end of this post; you will fully educate about What is Computer keyboard and its Types without any obstacle.

What is Computer Keyboard?

Computer keyboard is an input device that allows users to enter data, commands, and instructions into a computer or other electronic devices. It is designed to resemble a typewriter keyboard and consists of various keys that represent letters, numbers, symbols, and functions.


The primary purpose of a computer keyboard is to facilitate the input of text and commands. When a user presses a key, it sends an electrical signal to the computer, which then processes the input and performs the corresponding action. The keys on a keyboard are arranged in a specific layout, most commonly the QWERTY layout, which is named after the first six keys on the top row.

Computer keyboards can be either wired or wireless, connecting to the computer through USB, PS/2, Bluetooth, or other wireless technologies. They are widely used in various computing environments, including personal computers, laptops, gaming consoles, and mobile devices.

‘Keyboard Types’ Tutorial Headlines:

In this section, we will show you all headlines about this entire article; you can check them as your choice; below shown all:

  1. What is Computer Keyboard?
  2. Brief History of Computer Keyboard
  3. Types of Computer keyboard
  • QWERTY Keyboards
  • Wired Keyboards
  • Numeric Keypads
  • Ergonomic Keyboards
  • Wireless Keyboards
  • USB Keyboards
  • Bluetooth Keyboards
  • Magic Keyboards
  • Backlit Keyboards
  • Gaming Keyboards
  • Flexible Keyboards
  • Membrane Keyboards
  • Mechanical Keyboards
  • Multimedia Keyboard
  • Virtual Keyboard
  • Chiclet Keyboard
  • Thumb Keyboard
  • Laptop Sized Keyboard
  • Chorded Keyboard
  • Projection Keyboard
  1. How Do you Choose a Computer Keyboard?
  2. What are the Uses of Keyboard?
  3. FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
  • What is keyboard in computer and its function?
  • How does a computer keyboard work?
  • What is the layout of a standard computer keyboard?
  • Can I customize the key functions on my keyboard?
  • How do I clean a computer keyboard?

Let’s Get Started!!

Brief History of Computer Keyboard

Here’s an overview of the history of the computer keyboard, as following them:

Also Read: What is Mouse in Computer: Types, Parts, Functions, Uses, & Features!!

The keyboard’s origins can be traced back to the invention of the typewriter in the 1860s. Early typewriters had a layout similar to today’s keyboards, with keys arranged in a grid-like pattern. These machines used mechanical linkage systems to transfer the pressed key’s motion to a mechanism that imprinted the corresponding character onto paper.

The QWERTY keyboard layout, which is still widely used today, was developed for the Remington typewriter in the 1870s. It was designed to reduce jamming issues caused by fast typists by separating commonly used letters. The layout was named after the first six keys on the top row.

With the advent of electric typewriters in the late 19th century, the mechanical linkage systems were replaced with electrical switches. These keyboards used a similar layout to mechanical typewriters but relied on electrical signals to transmit key presses.

In the mid-20th century, as computers became more accessible, computer terminals were developed to interact with mainframe computers. These terminals featured keyboards similar to typewriters but were connected to computers via serial connections.

As computing advanced, additional keys were added to keyboards to accommodate the growing functionality of computers. Function keys, arrow keys, modifier keys (Shift, Control, Alt), and special keys (Escape, Enter, Delete) were introduced to facilitate specific actions and commands.

In the late 20th century, ergonomic keyboards began to emerge, offering more comfortable and natural typing positions. These keyboards were designed to reduce stress and strain on the hands and wrists.

The introduction of personal computers in the 1980s brought keyboards to a wider audience. Keyboards were now integrated into the computer itself or provided as separate peripherals. They were initially based on the terminal keyboards but evolved over time.

As technology progressed, keyboards adopted different connectivity options. In the early days of personal computers, keyboards connected via wired connections such as PS/2 or serial ports. Later, USB became the standard connection method. Wireless keyboards, using technologies like Bluetooth, also gained popularity, offering increased mobility.

With the rise of computer gaming, specialized keyboards tailored for gaming purposes gained popularity. These keyboards often feature additional programmable keys, backlighting, and enhanced responsiveness to meet the demands of gamers.

In recent years, keyboards have continued to evolve with various advancements. These include backlit keys, mechanical switches, multimedia keys, touch-sensitive surfaces, and even keyboards with built-in screens or touchpads.

Types of Computer keyboard

There are several different types of keyboards available today, each type offers its own advantages and is suitable for specific use cases or user preferences. Here are some common types of keyboards, as following them:

List 20 Types of Keyboard:

  • QWERTY Keyboards
  • Wired Keyboards
  • Numeric Keypads
  • Ergonomic Keyboards
  • Wireless Keyboards
  • USB Keyboards
  • Bluetooth Keyboards
  • Magic Keyboards
  • Backlit Keyboards
  • Gaming Keyboards
  • Flexible Keyboards
  • Membrane Keyboards
  • Mechanical Keyboards
  • Multimedia Keyboard
  • Virtual Keyboard
  • Chiclet Keyboard
  • Thumb Keyboard
  • Laptop Sized Keyboard
  • Chorded Keyboard
  • Projection Keyboard

QWERTY Keyboards

QWERTY keyboards are the most commonly used keyboard layout for Latin-script alphabets. The name “QWERTY” comes from the arrangement of the first six letters in the top row of the keyboard. This layout was patented by Christopher Sholes in 1878 and was designed to address mechanical typewriter limitations rather than optimize typing speed or ergonomics.

QWERTY keyboards have become the de facto standard for typing in English and many other languages. They are supported by operating systems, software applications, and online platforms, ensuring compatibility across various devices and systems.

The QWERTY layout is characterized by the following features:

Letter Arrangement: The letters are arranged in a staggered pattern, with each row offset from the previous one. This design was intended to prevent the mechanical arms of early typewriters from jamming.

Alphabetic Placement: The layout organizes the letters of the alphabet in a specific order, starting with QWERTY on the top row and continuing through the rest of the keyboard.

Modifier Keys: QWERTY keyboards include modifier keys such as Shift, Control, Alt/Option, and Command/Windows key. These keys modify the function of other keys and enable various keyboard shortcuts.

Number Row: Above the letter keys, there is a row of numbers from 1 to 0, enabling easy access to numerical input.

Function Keys: The top row of the keyboard usually consists of function keys labelled F1 to F12. These keys have different functions depending on the software or operating system.

Special Characters: QWERTY keyboards also include keys for punctuation marks, symbols, and special characters. These keys are typically accessed by using the Shift key in combination with the corresponding letter or symbol key.

Wired Keyboards

Wired keyboards are computer keyboards that use a physical cable to connect to a computer or other compatible device. They rely on a wired connection for power and data transmission, as opposed to wireless keyboards that use wireless technology like Bluetooth or RF (radio frequency) to establish a connection.

Wired keyboards offer several advantages over wireless keyboards, including:

Reliability: Wired connections are generally more reliable and stable compared to wireless connections. They are not affected by interference or signal disruptions that can occur with wireless devices.

Lower Latency: Wired keyboards have minimal latency, meaning there is very little delay between pressing a key and the corresponding action on the screen. This can be particularly important for fast-paced activities such as gaming or typing.

No Batteries Dependency: Wired keyboards don’t require batteries or charging. They draw power directly from the computer through the cable, ensuring continuous operation without the need to replace or recharge batteries.

Plug-and-Play: Wired keyboards are typically plug-and-play devices. Once connected to a computer system, they are automatically recognized and do not require additional software or drivers for basic functionality.

Cost-Effective: Wired keyboards are generally more affordable compared to their wireless counterparts. The absence of wireless technology components contributes to their lower price point.

Numeric Keyboards

A numeric keyboard, also known as a number pad or a numeric keypad, is a specialized section of a keyboard that consists of a rectangular arrangement of numbers, mathematical symbols, and other related keys. It is typically located on the right-hand side of a standard computer keyboard, separate from the main alphanumeric keys.

Numeric keyboards are primarily used for numerical input and calculations. They feature a layout similar to a calculator, with numbers from 0 to 9 arranged in a grid-like fashion. In addition to numbers, they usually include mathematical operators such as addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (*), division (/), and an equals (=) sign. Other common keys found on numeric keyboards include the decimal point (.), enter/return, and sometimes a clear key.

Numeric keyboards are commonly used in various fields that require extensive numerical input, such as accounting, finance, data entry, and scientific applications. They provide a faster and more convenient way to enter numbers, especially for tasks involving calculations, spread sheets, and other numeric-based software.

Ergonomic Keyboards

Ergonomic keyboards are keyboards that are designed with the goal of maximizing comfort and reducing the risk of repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) and other ergonomic issues associated with prolonged keyboard use. They are specially engineered to provide a more natural and comfortable typing experience by addressing factors such as hand and wrist positioning, key layout, and overall keyboard design.

Also Read: Advantages and Disadvantages of Trackball Mouse – Easy Guide!!

Here are some key features and characteristics of ergonomic keyboards:

Split Design: Ergonomic keyboards often have a split or curved design, where the keyboard is divided into two or more sections. This separation allows users to position their hands in a more natural, relaxed position, reducing strain on the wrists and forearms.

Adjustable Angles: Many ergonomic keyboards offer adjustable angles or tilt settings that allow users to customize the keyboard’s slope and elevation. This feature enables users to find a comfortable typing position that suits their individual needs and preferences.

Wrist Rests: Ergonomic keyboards often include integrated or detachable wrist rests. These padded supports provide cushioning for the wrists, promoting proper hand alignment and reducing the risk of wrist discomfort or injury.

Key Layout: The key layout of ergonomic keyboards differs from traditional keyboards. They may feature a modified key arrangement to promote more natural finger movements and reduce the need for awkward hand or finger stretching. Some ergonomic keyboards also have larger or concave keys for easier reach and improved typing accuracy.

Specialized Keys: Some ergonomic keyboards incorporate additional keys or buttons that provide quick access to frequently used functions, reducing the need for extensive mouse movements. These keys can include multimedia controls, programmable keys, or dedicated shortcut keys for specific software applications.

Wireless Connectivity: Many ergonomic keyboards offer wireless connectivity options, allowing users to position the keyboard more freely and reduce cable clutter on the desk.

Wireless Keyboards

Wireless keyboards are keyboards that do not require a physical, wired connection to the computer or device they are being used with. Instead, they use wireless technology to transmit keystrokes to the computer, typically via a wireless receiver or Bluetooth connection. These keyboards provide greater flexibility and freedom of movement, as they eliminate the restrictions imposed by cables.

Here are some key aspects of wireless keyboards:

Wireless Connectivity: Wireless keyboards use various wireless technologies for communication. The most common ones include:

a) Radio Frequency (RF): RF-based wireless keyboards use a small USB dongle or receiver that plugs into the computer’s USB port. The keyboard communicates with the receiver using radio waves, allowing keystrokes to be transmitted wirelessly.

b) Bluetooth: Bluetooth-enabled wireless keyboards connect directly to devices equipped with Bluetooth capabilities, such as laptops, tablets, or smartphones. They establish a wireless connection without the need for a separate receiver.

Enhanced Flexibility and Mobility: The absence of cables in wireless keyboards provides users with greater freedom of movement. It allows for more flexibility in positioning the keyboard, as well as the ability to type from a distance, which can be particularly useful during presentations or when controlling a computer from a distance.

Reduced Cable Clutter: Wireless keyboards eliminate the need for cables and cords, which can contribute to a cleaner and less cluttered workspace. This can be especially beneficial for users who prefer a tidy and organized desk.

Portability: Wireless keyboards are generally more portable compared to their wired counterparts. They can easily be disconnected from one device and connected to another without the hassle of detangling or managing cables. This makes them convenient for users who frequently switch between multiple devices or need to use their keyboard on the go.

Battery-Powered: Since wireless keyboards are not physically connected to the computer, they require their power source. Most wireless keyboards use built-in batteries that need to be periodically recharged or replaced. Battery life can vary depending on usage and the keyboard model.

Compatibility: Wireless keyboards are designed to be compatible with various devices, including desktop computers, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. However, it’s important to ensure that the keyboard you choose is compatible with the specific device you intend to use it with.

USB Keyboards

USB keyboards are keyboards that connect to a computer or other devices using a USB (Universal Serial Bus) interface. The USB interface is a widely used standard for connecting peripherals to computers and provides a reliable and convenient method of communication between the keyboard and the host device.

Here are some key aspects of USB keyboards:

USB Connectivity: USB keyboards utilize a USB cable that plugs into the USB port of a computer or device. The USB connection provides both power and data transfer capabilities, allowing the keyboard to send keystrokes and receive commands from the computer.

Plug-and-Play: USB keyboards are typically “plug-and-play,” meaning they can be connected to a computer without requiring additional software installation or configuration. Once connected, the computer recognizes the keyboard, and it becomes operational without the need for manual setup.

Compatibility: USB keyboards are compatible with a wide range of devices that have USB ports, including desktop computers, laptops, gaming consoles, and some tablets. They are supported by various operating systems, such as Windows, macOS, Linux, and others.

Power Source: USB keyboards draw power directly from the USB port to which they are connected. This eliminates the need for separate batteries or power adapters, simplifying the setup and maintenance of the keyboard.

Hot Swapping: USB keyboards support hot swapping, which means they can be connected or disconnected from a computer while it is powered on. This allows users to switch keyboards or connect additional keyboards without needing to restart the computer.

Bluetooth Keyboards

Bluetooth keyboards are wireless keyboards that connect to devices such as computers, tablets, smartphones, and smart TVs using Bluetooth technology.

Bluetooth keyboards are designed to be portable and offer convenience by eliminating the need for cables. They typically have a compact and lightweight design, making them easy to carry around and use with different devices. Many Bluetooth keyboards are battery-powered and offer long battery life, allowing for extended periods of use without the need for frequent charging.

To use a Bluetooth keyboard, you need to pair it with your device. The pairing process involves enabling Bluetooth on your device, putting the keyboard into pairing mode, and then selecting the keyboard from the available Bluetooth devices list on your device. Once paired, you can start using the keyboard to type on your device, just like you would with a regular wired keyboard.

Magic Keyboards

Magic Keyboard is a line of wireless keyboards developed by Apple Inc. primarily for use with their Mac computers and iPads. These keyboards are known for their sleek design, high-quality construction, and integration with Apple devices.

The Magic Keyboard for Mac features a slim profile with a low-profile scissor mechanism for responsive and comfortable typing. It connects to Mac computers using Bluetooth technology, eliminating the need for a physical wired connection. The keyboard includes a built-in rechargeable battery that can be easily charged via a Lightning cable.

The Magic Keyboard for iPad is designed specifically for iPad models and offers a similar typing experience to the Mac version. It features a full-size keyboard layout, including function keys for easy access to various iPad features and functions. The iPad version of the Magic Keyboard includes a floating cantilevered design that allows you to adjust the viewing angle of the iPad screen for optimal comfort.

Backlit Keyboards

Backlit keyboards are keyboards that feature illuminated keys that can be seen in low-light or dark environments. These keyboards have built-in LED (Light Emitting Diode) lights underneath or within the keys, which provide a soft glow, making it easier to locate and identify the keys in dimly lit conditions.

Backlit keyboards offer several benefits:

Improved Visibility: The primary advantage of backlit keyboards is that they enhance visibility in low-light environments. Whether you’re working in a dimly lit room, typing in the dark, or gaming at night, the illuminated keys make it easier to see and locate the keys without straining your eyes.

Enhanced Aesthetics: Backlit keyboards often have a visually appealing and modern look. The soft glow from the keys can add a stylish and futuristic element to your setup.

Gaming and Productivity: Backlit keyboards are popular among gamers and individuals who require high typing accuracy and speed. The illuminated keys make it easier to locate specific keys, such as gaming controls or function keys, reducing the chances of errors and increasing productivity.

Accessibility: Backlit keyboards can be helpful for individuals with visual impairments or those who have difficulty reading standard key labels. The illuminated keys make it easier for them to identify and use the keys effectively.

Gaming Keyboards

Gaming keyboards are specialized keyboards designed specifically for gaming enthusiasts and professional gamers. These keyboards offer features and functionalities tailored to enhance gaming performance, comfort, and customization options. While the exact features can vary between different models and brands, here are some common characteristics of gaming keyboards:

Mechanical Key Switches: Gaming keyboards often use mechanical key switches instead of membrane switches found in regular keyboards. Mechanical switches offer tactile feedback, faster response times, and improved durability. They provide a satisfying click or tactile bump when a key is pressed, allowing for precise and responsive keystrokes.

Backlighting and RGB Lighting: Gaming keyboards commonly feature customizable backlighting or RGB (Red, Green, and Blue) lighting. This allows users to personalize the keyboard’s lighting effects, colors, and patterns to match their preferences or game themes. The backlighting also improves visibility in low-light gaming environments.

Programmable Keys and Macros: Gaming keyboards often include dedicated programmable keys or the ability to assign macros to specific keys. This feature allows gamers to create custom key combinations, shortcuts, or complex commands that can be executed with a single keystroke, enhancing gameplay efficiency.

N-Key Rollover and Anti-Ghosting: Gaming keyboards typically support N-Key Rollover (NKRO) or Anti-Ghosting technology. This feature ensures that all key presses are registered accurately, even when multiple keys are pressed simultaneously. It prevents input conflicts or “ghosting” where certain key combinations may not be recognized.

Ergonomic Design: Gaming keyboards often have an ergonomic design with features like wrist rests, adjustable tilt angles, and dedicated media controls. These elements provide comfort during long gaming sessions and allow for quick access to multimedia functions without interrupting gameplay.

Dedicated Gaming Mode: Many gaming keyboards include a dedicated gaming mode or “Game Mode” that disables the Windows key or other keys that may accidentally interrupt gameplay. This prevents accidental interruptions or alt-tabbing out of games during intense gaming sessions.

Customization Software: Gaming keyboards often come with companion software that allows users to customize various settings, including lighting effects, key assignments, and macros. The software provides an intuitive interface for configuring and personalizing the keyboard to suit individual gaming preferences.

Flexible Keyboards

Flexible keyboards, also known as foldable keyboards or roll-up keyboards are keyboards that are made from flexible materials that allow them to be bent, rolled, or folded for easy portability and storage. These keyboards are designed to be lightweight, compact, and highly portable, making them suitable for use in various settings.

Flexible keyboards typically use a rubber or silicone-based material for the keys and the flexible portion of the keyboard. The keys are often raised and have a tactile feel similar to traditional keyboards. The flexibility of the keyboard allows it to be rolled up or folded, making it easy to carry in a bag or pocket.

The main advantages of flexible keyboards include:

Portability: Flexible keyboards are extremely portable due to their ability to roll up or fold. They can be easily carried with laptops, tablets, or other mobile devices, making them ideal for travelers, students, and professionals on the go.

Durability: Flexible keyboards are designed to be more resistant to spills, dust, and other environmental factors compared to traditional keyboards. The flexible material is often water-resistant and can withstand mild impacts or bending without damage.

Versatility: Flexible keyboards are compatible with various devices such as laptops, tablets, smartphones, and gaming consoles. They typically connect to devices using a USB cable or wirelessly via Bluetooth, offering flexibility in connectivity options.

Easy Maintenance: Flexible keyboards are relatively easy to clean and maintain. They can be wiped clean with a damp cloth or even rinsed under running water, thanks to their water-resistant properties.

Membrane Keyboards

Membrane keyboards are a type of keyboard that use a membrane-based technology for key activation. They are commonly used in various electronic devices, including computer keyboards, gaming consoles, and remote controls.

The construction of a membrane keyboard typically consists of several layers:

Membrane Layer: The key component of a membrane keyboard is the membrane layer, which is a thin, flexible film made of polyester or polycarbonate. This layer contains a printed circuit board (PCB) with electrical contacts arranged in a grid pattern.

Top Layer: Above the membrane layer, there is a top layer that features the labels or symbols for each key. This layer is typically made of a transparent material with the key labels printed or embossed on its surface.

Spacer Layer: Between the membrane layer and the top layer, there is a spacer layer that helps maintain a consistent distance between the key labels and the membrane layer. It also provides tactile feedback when a key is pressed.

Bottom Layer: The bottom layer of the keyboard serves as a base and provides stability to the overall structure.

When a key is pressed on a membrane keyboard, the top layer makes contact with the corresponding electrical contact on the membrane layer. This completes an electrical circuit, sending a signal to the device that a specific key has been pressed. Membrane keyboards typically use a dome-switch design, where a dome-shaped rubber or silicone pad underneath each key provides tactile feedback and helps return the key to its original position after being pressed.

Membrane Keyboards Advantages:

Cost-Effective: Membrane keyboards are generally less expensive to manufacture compared to mechanical keyboards.

Quiet Operation: The rubber or silicone dome-switch design results in quieter typing, making them suitable for office or shared environments.

Spill-Resistant: The sealed membrane layer provides some level of protection against liquid spills, as they do not have gaps between the keys that can allow liquids to seep in.

Mechanical Keyboards

Mechanical keyboards are a type of keyboard that uses individual mechanical switches for each key. Unlike membrane keyboards that use a single membrane for all keys; mechanical keyboards offer a more tactile and responsive typing experience.

The key feature of mechanical keyboards is the mechanical switches beneath each keycap. These switches are typically constructed with a metal spring and mechanical contacts. When a key is pressed, the spring is compressed, and the contacts make a connection, registering the keystroke. Upon release, the spring pushes the keycap back to its original position. The key activation point and the force required to register a keystroke can vary depending on the specific switch type.

Mechanical keyboards have several advantages:

Tactile Feedback: The distinct tactile feedback of mechanical switches provides a satisfying typing experience and enables accurate keystroke recognition.

Durability: Mechanical switches are known for their durability, typically lasting for millions of keystrokes. This longevity makes mechanical keyboards a reliable choice for heavy typists or gamers.

Customization: Mechanical keyboards often offer customization options, such as swappable keycaps and programmable macros, allowing users to tailor the keyboard to their preferences.

Typing Speed: The mechanical switch design and responsiveness can contribute to faster typing speeds and reduced typing fatigue.

Multimedia Keyboard

A multimedia keyboard enables additional keys and features designed to enhance the user’s multimedia experience. These keyboards typically have a standard layout similar to a regular keyboard but also incorporate specialized keys and functions.

The additional keys on a multimedia keyboard are usually dedicated to controlling various multimedia functions such as audio playback, volume control, and media navigation. These keys may include play/pause, stop, previous track, and next track, mute, and volume adjustment keys. They allow users to easily control media playback without having to open a media player or use on-screen controls.

Multimedia keyboards are especially popular with users who frequently engage in activities such as listening to music, watching videos, or playing games on their computers. The dedicated multimedia keys provide convenient and intuitive control over these functions, making it easier and more efficient to manage multimedia content.

Virtual Keyboard

A virtual keyboard, also known as an on-screen keyboard or soft keyboard, is a software-based input method that allows users to enter characters and commands using a graphical interface rather than a physical keyboard. It is typically displayed on the screen of a device, such as a computer, tablet, or smartphone, and can be interacted with using a mouse, touchpad, or touchscreen.

Virtual keyboards are designed to provide an alternative input method for situations where a physical keyboard may not be available, practical, or desirable.

Virtual keyboards can be either standalone applications or integrated into the operating system or software applications. They often provide features such as auto-correction, predictive text input, and customizable layouts to accommodate user preferences.

Chiclet Keyboard

A chiclet keyboard is a type of keyboard design characterized by its flat, square or rectangular keys with rounded edges and minimal spacing between the keys. The name “chiclet” is derived from the resemblance of the keys to small chewing gum pieces known as “chiclets.” This keyboard design became popular with the introduction of early laptop computers and has since been used in various devices, including desktop keyboards and some wireless keyboards.

The key features of a Chiclet keyboard include:

Flat and Low-Profile Keys: Chiclet keyboards have keys that are typically flat and have a low profile. This design contributes to a sleek and modern appearance and allows for a more compact keyboard layout.

Minimal Key Spacing: Chiclet keyboards have minimal spacing between the keys. The keys are typically close together, with only a small gap separating them. This design helps to save space and provides a clean and uniform look.

Rounded Key Edges: The keys on a Chiclet keyboard usually have rounded edges; which can enhance comfort during typing by reducing the likelihood of sharp edges digging into the fingertips.

Scissor or Membrane key Mechanism: Chiclet keyboards commonly use a scissor mechanism or a membrane key mechanism for key actuation. These mechanisms provide a smooth and responsive typing experience, with minimal key wobble and improved stability compared to traditional dome-switch keyboards.

Thumb Keyboard

A thumb keyboard is a special layout that is optimized for input using the thumbs, typically on handheld devices such as smartphones or tablets. It is designed to make typing with the thumbs more comfortable and efficient, particularly when using the device with one hand.

There are some common features and considerations of thumb keyboards include:

Key Placement: The keys are typically arranged in a grid or staggered layout, with larger keys located near the center for easy access. The most frequently used keys, such as the space bar and commonly used letters, are often positioned within close reach of the thumbs.

Thumb Ergonomics: Thumb keyboards are designed to accommodate the natural movement and range of motion of the thumbs. The keys are placed at an angle or curve to fit the natural arc of the thumbs, reducing strain and improving typing comfort.

Predictive Text and Auto correction: To compensate for the smaller key sizes and potential errors in thumb typing, thumb keyboards often incorporate predictive text and auto correction features. These features analyse the user’s input and suggest or automatically correct words based on context and previous typing patterns.

Customization Options: Some thumb keyboards offer customization options, allowing users to personalize the keyboard layout, key size, or even add additional functionality to the keys.

Laptop Sized Keyboard

A laptop-sized keyboard refers to a keyboard that is designed to have a similar size and layout to the keyboards commonly found on laptops. These keyboards are compact and intended for use with desktop computers, docking stations, or other devices where space is a consideration.

Laptop-sized keyboards are commonly used as external keyboards for laptops, desktop computers, and other devices. They are favoured by those who want a more portable and space-saving keyboard option without compromising too much on functionality. These keyboards are available from various manufacturers and can come in wired or wireless (Bluetooth or USB receiver) options.

Chorded Keyboard

A chorded keyboard is a special type of keyboard that uses combinations of key presses, known as chords, to generate characters or commands. Unlike traditional keyboards with individual keys for each character, chorded keyboards rely on a limited number of keys and key combinations to represent a wide range of characters or functions.

The concept behind a chorded keyboard is based on the idea that the human hand is capable of forming different combinations or chords using multiple fingers simultaneously. By pressing multiple keys at once or in a specific sequence, the user can generate different inputs.

The keys on a chorded keyboard are typically arranged in a compact layout, allowing the user to press multiple keys with a single hand or both hands. The most common chorded keyboard layouts include three to six keys.

Projection Keyboard

A projection keyboard, also known as a virtual keyboard or laser keyboard, is a type of input device that projects a keyboard onto a flat surface, allowing users to type on a virtual keyboard without the need for physical keys. It uses a combination of technologies, such as lasers and sensors, to detect and interpret keystrokes.

Projection keyboards offer several advantages:

Portability: Projection keyboards are typically compact and lightweight, making them highly portable. They can be easily carried in a bag or pocket, allowing users to have a keyboard input option wherever they go.

Hygiene and Cleanliness: Since there are no physical keys, projection keyboards eliminate the accumulation of dust, debris, or germs that can occur with traditional keyboards. This can be particularly beneficial in environments where cleanliness is important.

Adaptability: The virtual nature of projection keyboards allows for flexibility in terms of keyboard layout and language support. The projected keys can be customized or adapted to suit different preferences or typing requirements.

How Do you Choose a Computer Keyboard?

Choosing a computer keyboard depends on several factors, including your personal preferences, typing style, and specific needs. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind when selecting a computer keyboard:

Also Read: Input Devices of Computer: Examples, Types, Functions, and Uses!!

Keyboard Layout: Decide on the layout that suits your needs. The most common layouts are QWERTY (standard), DVORAK, and ergonomic/split keyboards. QWERTY is widely used and familiar to most people.

Connectivity: Determine whether you want a wired or wireless keyboard. Wired keyboards ensure a reliable connection but come with cable clutter, while wireless keyboards offer freedom of movement but may require batteries or charging.

Typing Experience: Consider the tactile feel and responsiveness of the keys. Keyboards typically fall into three categories: membrane, scissor switch, and mechanical. Membrane keyboards are quiet and less expensive but may have a mushy feel. Scissor switch keyboards offer a balance of comfort and durability. Mechanical keyboards are known for their tactile feedback, customization options, and long lifespan, but they can be noisier.

Ergonomics: Evaluate your comfort needs. Ergonomic keyboards are designed to reduce strain and provide a more natural hand and wrist position. They often feature a split layout or a curved design.

Key Design and Size: Assess the key design and size. Some keyboards have low-profile or chiclet-style keys, while others have larger, raised keys. Choose based on your preference and typing style. Additionally, consider if you need additional multimedia or programmable keys for specific functions.

Compatibility: Ensure the keyboard you choose is compatible with your computer or device. Check for the required connection type (USB, Bluetooth) and operating system compatibility (Windows, macOS, Linux).

Budget: Set a budget for your keyboard purchase. Keyboards can vary significantly in price, depending on their features, build quality, and brand reputation.

Reviews and Recommendations: Read reviews and seek recommendations from trusted sources or friends who have experience with different keyboards. This can provide insights into the durability, performance, and overall user experience of a specific keyboard model.

Try Before Buying: If possible, try out different keyboards in person to get a feel for their typing experience, key spacing, and overall comfort.

By considering these factors, you can choose a keyboard that aligns with your preferences, typing needs, and budget.

What are the Uses of Keyboard?

Keyboards have a wide range of uses across various domains, including:

Also Read: Output Devices of Computer: Types, Functions, List & Uses!!

Computer Input: Keyboards are primarily used for inputting text and commands into computers and other electronic devices. They allow users to type letters, numbers, symbols, and special characters.

Text-based Communication: Keyboards are essential for various forms of communication, such as writing emails, instant messaging, participating in online forums, and social media interactions.

Word Processing: Keyboards are commonly used for word processing tasks, including writing documents, creating presentations, drafting reports, and editing text.

Programming and Coding: Keyboards are vital tools for programmers and developers. They enable them to write, modify, and debug code in programming languages like C++, Java, Python, and HTML.

Gaming: Keyboards play a significant role in gaming, especially for PC gamers. They provide input for controlling characters, executing commands, and navigating through game interfaces.

Data Entry: Keyboards are extensively used in data entry jobs, such as in administrative roles, accounting, customer service, and other industries that require inputting large amounts of data.

Shortcuts and Commands: Keyboards offer various shortcuts and command combinations that can increase productivity and efficiency when using software applications. These shortcuts allow quick access to specific functions without relying on menus and mouse movements.

Accessibility: Keyboards can be adapted or modified to accommodate individuals with physical disabilities. Specialized keyboards, such as ergonomic keyboards, large key keyboards, and braille keyboards, help people with different needs to access and operate computers effectively.

Music Production: Keyboards, particularly MIDI keyboards, are widely used in music production and composition. They enable musicians to play virtual instruments, create melodies, record and edit tracks, and control music software.

Control Systems: Keyboards are integrated into various control systems, including industrial systems, machinery, and equipment. They serve as interfaces for operators to input commands and control processes.

Kiosks and Self-service Machines: Keyboards are often found in kiosk systems and self-service machines, allowing users to interact with the interface and enter information or make selections.

Accessibility to Electronic Devices: Keyboards are used to enter passwords, unlock devices, and perform other functions on smartphones, tablets, and other portable electronic devices.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is keyboard in computer and its function?

A keyboard is an input device that allows a user to enter text, numbers, and commands into a computer. It is an essential component of a computer system and is used for performing many functions, such as typing documents, accessing menus, playing games, and using keystroke shortcuts

How does a computer keyboard work?

A computer keyboard works by using a combination of electrical switches and circuits. Each key on the keyboard is associated with a specific electrical switch. When a key is pressed, it triggers the corresponding switch, completing an electrical circuit and sending a signal to the computer. The computer then interprets the signal and produces the desired output on the screen.

What is the layout of a standard computer keyboard?

The layout of a standard computer keyboard is based on the QWERTY layout, named after the first six letters in the top-left row. It consists of alphabetic keys, numeric keys, punctuation and symbol keys, function keys, and special keys like Shift, Ctrl, Alt, and the spacebar. The exact layout may vary slightly depending on the region and language.

Can I customize the key functions on my keyboard?

Depending on the keyboard model and the software or drivers associated with it, you may be able to customize the key functions. Some keyboards come with dedicated customization software that allows you to remap keys, create macros, and assign different functions to specific keys according to your preference.

How do I clean a computer keyboard?

To clean a computer keyboard, you can start by turning off your computer and unplugging the keyboard. You can then use compressed air or a soft brush to remove dust and debris from between the keys. For more thorough cleaning, you can dampen a cloth or cotton swab with isopropyl alcohol and gently clean the keys and surfaces. It’s important to be cautious and not use excessive moisture that could damage the keyboard.

Wrapping Up

Through this article, we have been explained all possible stuffs about what is keyboard; as well as many different types of computer keyboard with ease. If this article is useful for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

Also Read: What is Monitor? Types, Parts, Function, Use, & Features!!

If you have any experience, tips, tricks, or query regarding this issue? You can drop a comment!

Happy Learning!!

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