Server Operating System: Types, Examples, and Working | Benefits

Hello friends! Today, here we are going to cover the complete guide about what is server operating system; involving with their types, examples, and working; as well as benefits and features of server OS with ease. This unique article over the internet; at the end, make ensure that you will be fully educated about Server Operating System without any hindrance.

What is Server Operating System?

Server operating system (OS) is an advanced operating system that is designed especially to operate on servers; and providing the necessary features and subsystems to operate in client-server architecture and serve clients’ requests. It has the responsibilities for managing server hardware and software resources and offering services to multiple programs.

Server Operating System

Some key aspects of server operating systems include:

Multi-User Support: Server OS is designed to support multiple users, businesses, and applications, making them suitable for client-server architectures and enterprise IT environments.

Central Interface for Management: A server OS serves as a central interface for managing users, implementing security, and other administrative processes.

‘Server OS’ Tutorial Headlines:

In this section, we will show you all headlines about this entire article; you can check them as your choice; below shown all:

  1. What is Server Operating System?
  2. History of Server Operating System
  3. How Does Server OS Work?
  4. Types of Server OS with Examples
  • Windows Operating System
  • Linux Operating System
  • UNIX Operating System
  • Netware Operating System
  1. Server Operating System for Business
  2. Difference Between Server OS and Client OS
  3. Server Operating System Features
  4. Functions of Server Operating System
  5. Benefits of Server Operating System
  6. FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
  • How does a Server OS differ from a Client OS?
  • What is the role of a Server OS in virtualization?
  • What are common network services provided by Server OS?
  • How do Server OS updates and support work?

Let’s Get Started!!

History of Server Operating System

Here, we will show you brief history of server OS; below shown, you can check it:

Also Read: Clustered Operating System with their Examples and Types

In 1974, Gary Kildall released the operating system CP/M in floppy disc form, marking an early development in server operating systems.

Server operating systems have evolved from text-based user interfaces to complex program systems, with continuous improvements to ensure efficiency in network management.

Microsoft’s history of designing the operating systems for servers dates early to the introduce of Windows NT 3.1 Advanced Server in 1993 that was marked a significant milestone in the evolution of server operating systems.

The introduction of the Windows Server operating system, Windows NT 3.1, allowed Microsoft to deliver its answer to Apple’s success and laid the foundation for subsequent versions.

The history of server operating systems is intertwined with the overall developments in computer operating systems, with continuous advancements in features and capabilities.

How Does Server OS Work?

Server operating system (OS) performs by managing and coordinating the hardware and software resources of the server to facilitate the hosting of services and applications. Below is a shown the block diagram that is illustrating the basic components and interactions in server operating system:

Block Diagram of Server OS

Server Operating System

Server Hardware: This refers the physical parts of the server, like as the CPU, memory, storage devices, network interfaces, and other hardware components.

Server OS (Operating System): The server OS is the core software or program that helping out to manage the hardware resources. It offers the platform for running server applications and services.

Server Services: These are specific software applications or services that are hosted on the server OS. Examples include web servers (e.g., Apache, Nginx), database servers (e.g., MySQL, PostgreSQL), and DNS servers. These services utilize the resources that are provided by the server OS to fulfil specific objectives.

Interactions: The server OS works as a middleware in between the hardware and the server services. It makes the assign the resources, manages processes, handles security, and makes the ensure the smooth operation of the hosted services.

Types of Server OS with Examples

There are different types of server operating systems available in the market as per your requirement, include:

Also Read: Multiprogramming Operating System with Examples and Types

Windows Operating System

Windows operating system is a family of operating systems that is developed by Microsoft Corporation. It is designed for a large amount of devices, including personal computers, servers, mobile devices, and etc. The Windows operating system provides the user-friendly interface and a large variety of software and hardware compatibility.

Examples of Windows OS:

Windows operating systems are classified into different categories, like as:

Windows for Personal Computers (PCs): This enables with wide range of versions, including Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10.

Windows for Servers: Microsoft also offers operating systems specifically designed for servers, like as Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2016, and Windows Server 2019.

Windows for Mobile Devices: In the past, Microsoft introduced operating systems for smartphones and personal data assistants like as Windows Phone and Windows Mobile.

Linux Operating System

Linux is an open-source operating system that is available as free. It consists of the kernel that is the core component, and group of software packages that make up the rest of the operating system. It was developed to be similar to UNIX but has evolved to run on the large variety of hardware, from phones to supercomputers.

Examples of Linux OS:

Some popular Linux distributions include:

Ubuntu: One of the most popular and user-friendly Linux distributions. It has both a Desktop and Server edition.

Debian: Debian is a foundational distribution that serves as the basis for many other distributions, including Ubuntu.

Fedora: A community-driven distribution sponsored by Red Hat. Fedora is known for being on the cutting edge, often including the latest software and technologies.

CentOS: CentOS (Community ENTerprise Operating System) is a free and open-source Linux distribution based on the sources of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL): RHEL is a commercially supported Linux distribution used in enterprise environments.

Arch Linux: Arch Linux is a rolling release distribution known for its simplicity and customization. It follows a “keep it simple” philosophy and is often chosen by users who prefer a DIY approach.

openSUSE: openSUSE is a community-driven distribution sponsored by SUSE. It offers two main editions: openSUSE Leap, which is based on SUSE Linux Enterprise, and openSUSE Tumbleweed, a rolling release version.

Gentoo: Gentoo is a distribution known for its flexibility and performance optimization. It uses a source-based package management system, allowing users to customize their installations extensively.

Linux Mint: Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu and Debian and is known for its user-friendly interface. It provides a polished and comfortable experience for users transitioning from other operating systems.

UNIX Operating System

UNIX is a family of multitasking, multi-user computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T UNIX, whose development started in 1969 at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others. It was originally meant to be a convenient platform for programmers developing software to be run on it and on other systems, rather than for non-programmers.

The system grew larger as the operating system started spreading in academic circles, and as users added their own tools to the system and shared them with colleagues. UNIX is getting to make reputation for stability, security, and scalability that is making it a popular selection for enterprise-level computing, scientific research, and web servers.

Examples of UNIX OS:

Solaris: Developed by Sun Microsystems, Solaris is known for its scalability and security features.

FreeBSD: FreeBSD is an open-source Unix-like operating system known for its advanced networking, security, and compatibility features.

NetBSD: NetBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system known for its portability and support for a wide range of hardware platforms.

macOS: macOS is a Unix-based operating system developed by Apple Inc. It is known for its user-friendly interface and integration with other Apple devices.

Also Read: Unix Operating System with Examples, Types, and Functions

Netware Operating System

NetWare is a discontinued network operating system that was developed by Novell, Inc., first introduced in 1983. It was introduced for file server technology and run on both Ethernet and IBM Token Ring networks. NetWare was implemented for various applications, including directory services, internet servers, and intranet servers, file servers, and application servers.

It was known for its simplicity, memory protection, and stability. However, due to the rise of Windows and the desire to move to a Linux-based kernel, NetWare was officially discontinued in 2009

Examples of NetWare OS:

  • NetWare 2.x (1985) – supported 100 users
  • NetWare 3.11 (1992) – had a limit of 250 concurrent users
  • NetWare 4 (1993) – introduced the acclaimed Novell Directory Service
  • NetWare 6.5 (2003) – the final release

Also Read: Network Operating System: Examples, Types, Components, & Functions

Server Operating System for Business

If, you are going to prefer the best server operating system for your running businesses, then you have to follow some considerations based on your company size:

Small-Size Company: Operating system for a small business is a crucial tool that helps manage and optimize the company’s technology infrastructure. It ensures smooth communication, efficient resource allocation, and seamless integration of various software and hardware components.

Some of the best operating systems for small businesses include: Windows 10, Ubuntu, macOS Big Sur, Android 11, Windows 11, Linux Mint, and more.

Medium-Size Company: When choosing an operating system for a medium-sized business, it’s essential to consider factors such as the specific needs of the business, compatibility with existing software and hardware, security features, and support options. Examples are Red Hat Linux, Windows 7, Ubuntu, and so on.

Large-Size Company: These operating systems offer robust features, security, and scalability, making them suitable for managing the complex IT infrastructure of large organizations. Additionally, the familiarity and extensive support for Microsoft Windows Server make it a popular choice for many large businesses. Best operating systems for large businesses:

  • Microsoft Windows Server
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server
  • Ubuntu Server
  • CentOS Server

Difference Between Server OS and Client OS

Here is a comparison table between server and client operating systems:


Server OS

Client OS


Provides services to multiple clientsAccesses services from a server

Number of Users/Clients

Can serve multiple clients at a timeServes a single user at a time



Hardware Requirements

More powerful hardwareLess powerful hardware

User Interface

Command-line interface (CLI) or simplified GUIFull-fledged GUI


Stronger security measuresLess stringent security measures


Manages network traffic and resourcesAccesses and utilizes resources


Different licensing requirementsSimilar licensing requirements

Server Operating System Features

There are various remarkable features of server operating system include:

Also Read: Multitasking Operating System: Examples, Types, and Advantages

Stability and Reliability: Server operating systems are designed for stability and reliability. They are fully optimized to manage the continuous operations and are less prone to crashes that are providing the stable platform for hosting critical services.

Performance Optimization: Server OS is optimized for performance, ensuring efficient resource utilization. This is critical for managing the demands of applications, multiple users, and services simultaneously.

Security Features: Server operating systems come with robust security features to protect against unauthorized access, data breaches, and other security threats. They often include firewalls, encryption, and access control mechanisms.

Centralized Management: Server OS typically provide centralized management tools that simplify the administration of multiple servers.

Scalability: Server OS are designed to scale, allowing businesses to add resources and handle increased workloads as needed. This scalability is essential for accommodating the growth of services and users in a networked environment.

Resource Allocation and Optimization: Server operating systems efficiently allocate resources such as CPU, memory, and storage to different applications and services. This makes the ensuring that each service gets the necessary resources without getting to impact the performance of others.

Network Services Support: Server OS often include built-in support for essential network services such as DNS (Domain Name System), DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), and file sharing.

Virtualization Support: Many server operating systems support virtualization technologies, allowing the creation and management of virtual machines.

Regular Updates and Support: Server operating systems often receive regular updates and patches to address security vulnerabilities and improve performance.

Backup and Recovery: Server OS typically provide tools and features for backup and recovery, helping businesses implement robust data protection strategies and ensuring continuity in the event of data loss or system failures.

Functions of Server Operating System

Some key functions of a server OS include:

Managing Server Hardware & Software Resources: A server OS efficiently allocates resources to clients and applications that is making ensures the optimal performance and resource utilization.

Providing Services to Multiple Programs: Server OS enables various applications, including web servers, file servers, and database servers, to run on a single machine.

Centralized Management: Server OS offers a central interface for managing users, implementing security, and other administrative processes.

Advanced Network Optimizations: Server OS provides advanced capabilities to run, manage, monitor, and control applications, processes, and client devices such as web servers, file servers, application servers, mail servers, and database servers.

Handling High Workloads, Security, Scalability, and Reliability: Server OS are designed to handle high levels of requests, processes, and data while maintaining efficient resource allocation and robust security measures.

Benefits of Server Operating System

The server operating system (OS) offers numerous benefits, including:

Higher Efficiency: It reduces dependence on physical servers, resulting in cost savings and greater efficiency.

Future-Proofing: It ensures long-term sustainability by estimating the predicted growth of the corporate network.

Cost Savings with Reduced Downtime: It leads to increased savings through reduced downtime and improved performance.

Enhanced Security: It provides advanced security features to protect data and network from unauthorized access, malware, and attacks.

Scalability: It allows businesses to easily adjust the utilization of system resources and tailor them to their needs.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

How does a Server OS differ from a Client OS?

Server OS is optimized that helps keep to manage the various resources, hosting services, and supporting multiple users in a network, often lacking a graphical user interface. On the other hand, Client OS is designed for individual users that are providing the user-friendly interface for personal computing tasks.

What is the role of a Server OS in virtualization?

Many Server OS support virtualization technologies that are allowing the creation and management of virtual machines. This enables efficient resource utilization and easier server management in virtualized environments.

What are common network services provided by Server OS?

Server OS often include built-in support for network services like DNS (Domain Name System), DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), and file sharing, facilitating communication and collaboration in a networked environment.

How do Server OS updates and support work?

Server OS typically receive regular updates and patches to address security vulnerabilities and improve performance. They also come with dedicated support options; ensuring businesses have access to assistance when needed.

Summing Up

Through this article, you have completely learnt about what is server operating system; involving with their types, examples, and working; as well as benefits and features of server OS with ease. If this content is helpful for you, then please share it along with your friends, family members or relatives over social media platforms like as Facebook, Instagram, Linked In, Twitter, and more.

Also Read: Single User Operating System: Example, Advantages, & Disadvantages!!

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Happy Learning!!

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