25 Examples of Operating System | List of Operating System

Hello Friends! Today, we are going to explain some of most eminent examples of operating system and list of operating system that are used on several devices for certain requirements. This is unique article over the Internet; after reading this post, you will definitely get to know properly Operating System Examples without getting any obstacle.

Introduction to Operating System

Operating system is the backbone of modern computing and software that help to make bridges the gap in between users and hardware resources. It orchestrates the interaction between hardware components, ensuring smooth functioning and enabling users to run applications seamlessly.

Examples of Operating System

Examples of operating systems are plentiful, each designed for specific devices and tasks. From Windows 10 and macOS Big Sur on personal computers to Android and iOS on mobile computing devices, each OS offers a unique ecosystem. Operating systems simplify complex tasks, provide user-friendly interfaces, and optimize resource allocation, contributing to the efficiency and convenience of our digital world. Without them, our devices would be inert, unable to fulfil their potential.

What are Examples of Operating System?

Here, we will cover many examples of operating system in detail; and these examples exemplify the vital role operating systems play in modern computing, enabling seamless interactions, running applications, and serving as the backbone of our digital experiences.

10 Examples of Operating System; these are Most Popular

Today, several operating systems are available in the market, but some of them are getting more popularity, including:

Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is developed by Microsoft in 1985 and getting more popular in the market. It offers the user-friendly graphical interface, vast software ecosystem, and multitasking capabilities.

Windows has enabled through many versions, like as Windows 3.1, 95, XP, 7, 8, and 10. This OS can support numerous devices, from desktops to laptops, tablets, and smartphones. Key features include the Start menu, file management, and customizable settings.

With its continuous updates and improvements, Windows remains a core platform empowering individuals and businesses worldwide.


UNIX is a most powerful and influential operating system that is developed in the late 1960s. It is called for its security, stability, and scalability. UNIX provides a command-line interface and supports multitasking and multi-user capabilities.

UNIX promotes modularity and simplicity, offering a vast array of utilities and programming tools. Its hierarchical file system and shell scripting enable efficient file management and automation.

UNIX has become the foundation for many other operating systems, making it a fundamental part of the computing landscape and a preferred choice for servers and technical applications.


GNU/Linux is often enabled to simply as Linux, and it is an open-source operating system embedded on the GNU tools and the Linux kernel. It combines the robustness of UNIX with the principles of free software. Developed by the collaboration of thousands of volunteers worldwide, Linux offers exceptional stability, security, and customization options.

The Linux ecosystem boasts diverse distributions, each tailored to specific needs and preferences. This community-driven approach fosters constant innovation, making GNU/Linux a popular choice for servers, desktops, and embedded systems, empowering users with freedom and control.


Initially, Android was developed by Google, in 2008; and today is also getting more popularity in mobile operating system. It has since become the most eminent platform for smartphones, tablets, and other devices.

Its open-source nature has led to extensive customization options and widespread adoption by device manufacturers worldwide.

Regular updates ensure improved security and performance, cementing Android’s position as a leading force in the mobile technology landscape.


Fedora is a popular Linux distribution sponsored by Red Hat, known for its commitment to open-source principles and community collaboration. First released in 2003, Fedora offers a stable, cutting-edge, and user-friendly OS for servers and desktops.

It emphasizes the adoption of the latest software and technologies, making it an ideal choice for developers and enthusiasts. With its rapid release cycle, Fedora continually integrates new features and improvements while maintaining robust security.

The distribution also supports various desktop environments, ensuring flexibility for users’ preferences. Fedora’s active community contributes to its growth, making it a powerful and reliable Linux distribution.

Chrome OS

Chrome OS is a lightweight operating system that is introduced by Google, and designed primarily for cloud computing and running web applications. Introduced in 2011, it powers Chrome books, affordable laptops focused on simplicity and speed.

Its cloud-centric approach emphasizes data storage and applications on Google Drive and web-based tools.

Automatic updates ensure enhanced security and performance over time. With getting tha emphasis on fastest boot times and straightforward setup; Chrome OS caters to users seeking an efficient, easy-to-use, and affordable computing solution for online activities and everyday tasks.


iOS is Apple’s mobile operating system; it is  specifically developed for its mobile devices, like as iPhones, iPads, and iPod Touch. Introduced in 2007, iOS has undergone significant advancements, offering a user-friendly and intuitive interface.

It provides better integration along with several Apple services, such as iCloud, iMessage, and Siri. The App Store also provides a huge selection of games, applications, and utilities optimized for iOS devices.

With its consistent user experience and Apple’s ecosystem, iOS remains a prominent choice for millions of users worldwide.


watchOS is Apple’s operating system designed exclusively for the Apple Watch, their smartwatch series. Introduced in 2015, watchOS powers the wearable device, offering an intuitive and feature-rich user experience.

The operating system provides seamless integration with iPhones, enabling users to receive notifications, track fitness activities, and access various apps directly from their wrist. It includes unique features like the Digital Crown and Force Touch for efficient navigation.

watchOS supports customizable watch faces and complications, allowing users to personalize their watch’s appearance and functions.


Ubuntu is a most eminent OS Linux distribution known for its stability, user-friendliness, and community-driven development.

Ubuntu’s default desktop environment, GNOME, delivers a clean and modern interface. It comes with a vast selection of pre-installed software and a software center to access thousands of applications easily.

Regular releases ensure the integration of the latest features and security updates. Supported by a vibrant community, Ubuntu encourages user contributions and remains a top choice for both newcomers and experienced Linux users.


macOS is Apple’s proprietary operating system that is designed for Mac computers, known for its pretty design, performance, and seamless integration along with Apple’s ecosystem. Introduced in 2001, macOS offers a user-friendly interface, intuitive navigation, and advanced features like Siri and Spotlight search.

macOS is known for its robust security and privacy measures, with regular updates to protect against threats.

With features like Handoff, Continuity, and iCloud, macOS ensures a cohesive experience across Mac, iPhone, and iPad, making it a compelling choice for Apple enthusiasts.

Other Examples of Operating System:


ReactOS is an open-source operating system aiming to be binary-compatible with Microsoft Windows NT and run Windows applications without modifications. Started in 1996, it seeks to provide a free alternative to Windows for users and developers.

Built from scratch, ReactOS mimics the Windows user interface and API behavior, allowing users to enjoy familiar Windows experiences. Although it’s still under development, ReactOS has achieved considerable progress in running many Windows programs and drivers.

As an ambitious project, it continues to attract contributors, expanding its compatibility and striving to become a viable Windows-like OS for various use cases.


Solaris is a Unix-based operating system that is initially released by Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle). Introduced in 1992, it’s known for its scalability, reliability, and advanced features. Solaris offers a robust environment for servers and high-performance computing.

It includes features like Dynamic Tracing (DTrace) for real-time debugging and ZFS for advanced file system capabilities. Solaris also supports Containers (Solaris Zones) for efficient virtualization.

With its commitment to open standards and continuous improvements, Solaris has become a favored choice for enterprises and mission-critical applications.


Haiku is an open-source operating system inspired by the classic BeOS. Developed to create a modern and efficient computing experience, it focuses on responsiveness and multimedia capabilities.

Haiku boasts a unique, lightweight design, enabling it to run efficiently on various hardware configurations. Its user interface emphasizes simplicity and elegance, featuring a tiled window management system and customizable desktop environment.

Haiku includes a powerful package management system and supports various software through its HaikuDepot. Although not as widely used as mainstream operating systems, Haiku’s community-driven development continues to attract enthusiasts and fosters a niche ecosystem of software and applications.


BeOS was an innovative operating system developed by Be Inc. in the 1990s. Known for its multimedia capabilities and responsiveness, BeOS was designed to provide a modern computing experience.

It offered a modular architecture, symmetric multiprocessing support, and a 64-bit journaling file system called BFS. BeOS excelled at multimedia tasks, making it popular among media professionals. Despite its technical advancements and critical acclaim, BeOS faced challenges in gaining widespread adoption and eventually ceased development in 2001.

Its legacy lives on through Haiku, an open-source project that aims to recreate the BeOS experience and preserve its unique features for modern computing.


MS-DOS operating system is a command-line-based operating system that is developed by Microsoft in the early 1980s. It was a fundamental platform for IBM-compatible personal computers during that era.

With a simple text interface, users interacted with DOS commands to perform tasks like file management, running programs, and configuring hardware.  

Although it is no longer used in modern systems, MS-DOS significantly contributed to shaping the evolution of personal computing and remains a crucial milestone in computer history.


FreeBSD is a totally free-of-cost and open-source Unix-like operating system that is derived from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD). Due to for its performance, stability, and security features. FreeBSD is mostly utilising in servers, embedded systems, and networking devices.

It offers a versatile environment for developers and administrators, supporting a vast range of applications and hardware architectures.

With a committed community of developers, it continues to evolve, providing regular updates and bug fixes. FreeBSD’s permissive license allows for unrestricted use, modification, and distribution, fostering a thriving ecosystem.


NetBSD is also a free-of-cost, open-source Unix-like operating system that is known for its portability and support across several hardware platforms. Derived from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), NetBSD focuses on code cleanliness, performance, and robustness.

Its design principles prioritize portability, allowing it to run on diverse devices, from servers and desktops to embedded systems and old hardware. NetBSD boasts extensive package support and an easy-to-use package management system.

Its commitment to supporting older systems and non-mainstream architectures makes it a versatile choice for embedded and legacy projects. With a dedicated and collaborative community, NetBSD continues to thrive and maintain a reputation for reliability.


LOCUS stands for ‘Loadable Operating System for University Computing Systems’ that was a distributed operating system released in the 1980s by a group of the University of California, Berkeley. It aimed to support various computer architectures while providing a distributed computing environment.

LOCUS allowed multiple computers to work together as a single, seamless system, enabling resource sharing and load balancing. It introduced innovative features like dynamic linking and transparent process migration.

Despite its pioneering concepts, LOCUS faced challenges, and its development ceased in the early 1990s. Nevertheless, it significantly influenced subsequent research in distributed systems and operating systems design, leaving a lasting impact on the field.


Tizen is a most flexible and open-source operating system that is developed primarily by the Linux Foundation and getting to support by major industry players as Samsung and Intel. Designed for a large range of devices like as smartphones, wearables, smart TVs, and IoT devices; Tizen objectives to offers a unified platform for developers.

It provides many features like as strong security measures, user-friendly interface, and supports many programming languages and frameworks. Tizen has been renowned for their HTML5-based app developments that are allowing developers to design cross-platform applications.

Though it faced challenges in gaining traction against dominant mobile operating systems, Tizen remains relevant in the smart TV and IoT domains.


QNX is a real-time operating system (RTOS) that is introduced by QNX Software Systems, but now segment of BlackBerry Limited.

QNX utilizes microkernel architecture, ensuring robustness and scalability while isolating components for enhanced security. Its POSIX-compliant API facilitates application development, and the Neutrino microkernel allows dynamic process management.

With a small footprint, fast boot times, and fault tolerance, QNX is well-regarded for mission-critical applications where stability and responsiveness are paramount. It continues to be a prominent player in the embedded systems market.


MICRO (Micros Systems, Inc.) was a making to lead provider of point-of-sale (POS) and hospitality software solutions. Their offerings included POS systems, customer relationship management (CRM) software, inventory management, and more.

MICROS’ solutions streamlined operations, enhanced customer experiences, and improved business efficiency for thousands of clients worldwide.

In 2014, Oracle Corporation acquired MICROS, integrating its technology into Oracle’s suite of hospitality and retail solutions. Through its products and services, MICROS played a significant role in shaping the modern landscape of the hospitality and retail industries.


KaiOS is a lightweight, web-based operating system designed for feature phones, providing smartphone-like capabilities on affordable devices. Launched in 2017, it targets users in emerging markets and those seeking basic yet functional mobile experiences.

Based on HTML5, KaiOS supports essential apps like WhatsApp, Facebook, and Google Assistant, while consuming minimal resources, allowing for smooth performance on low-spec hardware.

KaiOS has enabled millions of people to access digital services and bridge the digital divide in developing economies.


Tuquito is an Argentine Linux distribution based on Debian and designed for Spanish-speaking users. It is founded in 2004; Tuquito goals to provide an efficient, easy-to-use, and customizable operating system for both advanced users and beginners. Tuquito also offers the pre-installed multimedia codecs, user-friendly desktop environment, and a various applications for daily use, like as productivity tools, media players, and internet browsers.


Debian is a free and open-source Linux distribution renowned for its stability, reliability, and extensive software repository. It employs the APT package management system, making it easy for users to install, update, and manage software.

Debian supports numerous hardware architectures and offers a range of desktop environments, catering to diverse user preferences, from beginners to experienced system administrators.


HP-UX stands for ‘Hewlett-Packard Unix’ and it is a Unix-based operating system that is developed by Hewlett-Packard (now Hewlett Packard Enterprise) for their proprietary hardware platforms, like as HP 9000 servers and workstations. Introduced in 1984, HP-UX became one of the prominent

UNIX variants are known for its scalability, reliability, and performance. It provided features like logical volume management, dynamic kernel tuning, and high availability options. HP-UX supported industry-standard programming interfaces like POSIX, enabling compatibility with various software applications.

Over the years, HP-UX adapted to changing technology trends and remained a robust choice for enterprise-level computing solutions, especially in fields like finance, telecommunications, and government sectors.

List of Operating System

This list includes a diverse range of operating systems used for desktops, servers, mobile devices, wearables, and specialized platforms. Keep in mind that the release years mentioned below might refer to the initial release and significant updates.

Operating System



Release Year

Windows 10


macOS Big Sur

DesktopApple Inc.2020

Linux (Ubuntu)

DesktopCanonical Ltd.2004




MobileApple Inc.2007

Windows Server




Chrome OS                      



Desktop/ServerFreeBSD Project1993


ServerCentOS Project2004


Desktop/ServerFedora Project2003

macOS Monterey        

DesktopApple Inc.2021

Android TV                    


Ubuntu Server             

ServerCanonical Ltd.2004

Red Hat Enterprise Linux

ServerRed Hat Inc.2002


Desktop/ServerDebian Project1993

SUSE Linux  Server


Windows 7                     


Windows 8.1                 


Windows XP                  


Windows Vista            


macOS Catalina           

DesktopApple Inc.2019

macOS High Sierra    

DesktopApple Inc.2017

Linux Mint                      

DesktopLinux Mint Team2006


DesktopHaiku, Inc.2001


DesktopAROS Development Team1995


DesktopReactOS FoundationOngoing

Chrome OS                      



Mobile/TVThe Linux Foundation2012





IBM i                   


macOS Server                               

ServerApple Inc1999

Android Auto                               



WearableApple Inc2015


MobileKaiOS Technologies2017

Oracle Linux                  

ServerOracle Corporation2006

Arch Linux                      

DesktopArch Linux2002

RISC OS                             


Fuchsia OS                      


Windows 11                  



DesktopApple Inc.2001

Windows Server 2019


Windows Server 2022


Oracle Solaris                               


IBM z/OS                          



Desktop/ServeropenSUSE Project1992


DesktopCanonical Ltd.2004


ServerCentOS Project2004


DesktopAROS Development Team1995

Final Remarks

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